[Cauldron and Candle Illo]


Cauldron and Candle
Issue #43 -- January 2004

A Publication of The Cauldron: A Pagan Forum
website: http://www.ecauldron.com/
message board: http://forums.delphiforums.com/CUSTOM7999/start


Return to Cauldron and Candle Archive

C A U L D R O N   A N D   C A N D L E  #43 -- January 2004

           A Publication of The Cauldron: A Pagan Forum
                website: http://www.ecauldron.com/
 message board: http://forums.delphiforums.com/CUSTOM7999/start
             newsletter: http://www.ecauldron.com/cnc/

In this Issue:

[01] Editorial Notes
[02] Poem: Aset's Challenge
[03] Cauldron News
[04] Cauldron Discussions
[05] Reviews
     [05-1] Aradia or the Gospel of Witches
     [05-2] Healing Ground
     [05-3] The Book of Wizardry
     [05-4] Vikings Tarot
     [05-5] Witchy Tarot
     [05-6] The New Book of Magical Names
     [05-7] Cooking by the Seasons
[06] Received For Review (with Mini-Reviews)
[07] Articles:
     [07-1] Thelema
     [07-2] Leaving the Past in the Past
[08] Columns
     [08-1] TarotDeevah on the Tarot
     [08-2] Humor: A Pagan Televangelist
     [08-3] Software Watch: DOSBox
[09] Around the Planes: Notes from All Over
     [09-1] How To Care For The Caregivers
     [09-2] Advice On Avoiding Deadly Electrical Fires
     [09-3] Don't Let Winter Stop You From Grilling Outdoors
     [09-4] Tips for Saving More at the Store this Year
     [09-5] Elephant Birth Trumpets Conservation History
[10] Support The Cauldron by Volunteering to Help
[11] Newsletter Information
              (Including How To Subscribe/Unsubscribe)

  +++ Submission Deadline for next issue: January 15, 2004 +++
     Guidelines: http://www.ecauldron.com/cnc/submissions.php

========= by Randall Sapphire

Welcome to the first issue of Cauldron and Candle for 2004. I
hope all our readers had a safe and joyful holiday season and are
looking forward to 2004. I hope this new year will be a very good
year for all our readers and their families and friends.

As I mentioned in the Editorial Notes for the December 2003
issue, LyricFox and I certainly are looking forward to this year.
After a much longer engagement than we had ever planned, LyricFox
and I should be (barring disasters) moving a house in Waco from
our current widely separated locations and getting married early
this year, probably in February or March. This means that after
over three years of regular monthly issues, this newsletter may
have a few issues that are much shorter than normal and/or
somewhat later than normal. In the worst case, we might even have
to skip an issue or two. In the best case, of course, you might
never notice because we will not miss a beat. It just depends on
timing. If we end up having to do things around the end of a
month, the newsletter is likely to suffer. We just can't predict
when things will happen, but we ask you to forgive any problems
this major transition in our lives may cause.

As always, we are in need of your articles for future issues.
This is your newsletter and we need your help to fill it with
interesting articles. The Cauldron and Candle submission bin is
fairly empty as I write this, so if you have been thinking about
writing an article, now would really be a great time to put those
thoughts into action.

                      SEND A PAGAN POSTCARD

       You can send a Pagan Postcard from the menu of any
       of our web pages at http://www.ecauldron.com/. If
       you haven't tried our postcard site, give it a
       try. It has quite a few nice features.

========= by SatAsetNebetHet (dedicated to Aset)

Deny Me?
Every time you make a choice
You shape the molding of possibilities
Every time you exert authority
You are sitting on My throne
Every time you use words
You utilize My Magic, My Heka, My Words of Power
Every time you connect to others
You are sharing the gift of My Son
Every time you mourn for those that have died
You weep My tears for My slain husband
Every time you wish to gain confidence
You are asking for My strength
This is Who I Am, Child.
To deny Me, you deny My Gifts in yourself.

========= by The Cauldron: A Pagan Forum Staff

===== Cauldron Delphi Message Board Top Poster -- December 2003

The Cauldron's message board had 7185 posts in December. (We had
a total of 82,766 messages posted in 2003.) Jezabel
(BELLUSDOMINA) had the most posts of any non-staff member in
December and snagged our monthly "top poster" award. Our Runner
Up was Dragonoake (DRAGONOAKE). Loneash (LONEASH), Karen
gave Dragonoake a good race for that runner up spot.

===== New Staff Member: Jenett

The Cauldron is happy to announce our latest message board staff
member: Jenett. She's a Traditional Wiccan (although not British
Traditional) and has been one of our Threadstarters since we
created the position at the beginning of 2003.

===== Pointers for Proselytizers

Pagans often complain about proselytizers. Many of them employ
methods which we consider to be rude and sometimes even invasive.
In addition, we often see their efforts as futile and ill-
advised. Sometimes the very act of proselytizing is considered
rude, even if the proselytizer behaves politely. It was,
therefore, a surprising change of pace when in November 2003 the
forum hosts received an e-mail with some questions about
proselytizing to Pagans. The writer was a Christian whose
congregation had recently discovered what non-Christians
generally thought of their proselytization methods, and they
wished to find out how they could make those methods more
appealing. The e-mail was posted on our message board for
comments, as was a later e-mail with follow-up questions. This
article is a summary of the thread.


===== 200,000 Message Available on The Cauldron's Message Board

The Cauldron's DelphiForums message board message counter hit
200,000 messages in the middle of December. (The actual count is
about 12,000 messages higher as messages had to be deleted to
keep the total under 2000 messages in the early days of Delphi.)
Congratulations to The Cauldron's members and staff. (Note: the
number of messages you see listed on DelphiForums will depend on
which folders you have full access to.)


        The Cauldron and Candle has its own web site
        where we store our back issues for easy reading.


========= Recent Discussion Topics on our Message Board

In an average month, over 150 new discussion topics are started
on The Cauldron's message board. Here are a few of the more
interesting discussions from the last month. It's not too late to
join in.

Thanks to Bloglet, you can now receive an email every night on
days we post new site news items to the main page of The
Cauldron's web site. These emails contain a link to the new item
and the first couple of lines of the news text. You can sign up
for Bloglet's free news delivery via the form at the end of the
site "News and Updates" section of The Cauldron's main web page.

=== Why are Most Pagans Politically Liberal?

In a PolSci course last semester we looked at how religion
influences political positions. Paganism seems to be an anomaly.
From looking at the tenets of Paganism, I'd expect most pagans to
be conservatives. In practice, most pagans seem to be liberals.

The more I look at the tenets of Paganism, the more convinced I
become that the average pagan should lean strongly to
conservative political positions. Since most pagans are liberal,
I must be either missing something big or misinterpreting the
tenets of Paganism. Can you tell me why you are liberal and what
in your religion makes you so?

* Read (or join in) this discussion:

=== Are There Too Many Tarot Decks?

Are Tarot decks getting out of hand? They have tarot decks for
everything you can imagine. I once saw a Baseball Tarot deck. Are
there too many decks?

And given the large number of choices, how do you choose which
Tarot deck is right for you?

* Read (or join in) this discussion:

=== Garbage and Recycling

Hubby and I recycle everything I can think of that we can, and we
reuse where I can think of some way to do so practically, but I
still feel like we're throwing away an awful lot.

(The one thing we don't do is compost, because I don't garden so
what would we do with it? We live on the edge of the woods and do
throw biodegradable food items such as rinds and peels out there,
but there isn't as much of that sort of thing as I could wish.)

So -- what do y'all do to reduce the waste you have to throw out?
Do you have creative ways of reusing things? Do you just buy
stuff that involves less wasteful packaging? Are there other
strategies I'm missing here?

* Read (or join in) this discussion:

=== Why Balance?

In the "What is Evil" thread, there have been a few comments
about a balance being necessary -- in general, not just between
good and evil. This brings up a couple of interesting questions
in my mind:

1. Why? Why does there need to be a balance? What will happen if
that balance is lost?

2. How? That is, is the balance something that is naturally
maintained? Do we have to strive to maintain it ourselves? If the
former, is there anything we can actually do which might throw
that balance out of whack?

Again, generalities here -- this would be a balance not just
between good and evil, but between any number of pairs (or
triples, or quads, etc.) of opposite properties. Zephyr referred
to the yin/yang concept; that might be relevant here.

* Read (or join in) this discussion:

=== Will Paganism Ever Be Set in Stone?

In another thread Mairenn said "Neo-Pagan religions, by and
large, have simply not had uninterrupted millenia to etch their
traditions in stone for the masses. Let us survive long enough
and we too will be battling over whose Gods' revelation is

Do you think this is true? Will Pagan religions become more like
what we now thing of as established religions with fixed
structure, dogma, heresies, and arguments over who has the "one
true way"? Or do you think some or all Pagan religions will
manage to stay different a few hundred years down the road?

* Read (or join in) this discussion:

=== What is Evil?

Deep thought time. What is evil? Can it be defined in any
meaningful terms, or is it something best illustrated by examples
of "evil" traits a person or group (or whatever) might show? Does
it even exist in this world? If so, is there a reason behind it,
or is it something that just is?

* Read (or join in) this discussion:

=== Books That Rocked Your world view

What books have you read that have changed how you view the
world, or have had a major impact on it? Why? Would you recommend
that book to others?

I'm especially interested in books where that wasn't necessarily
something you expected (i.e. not a religious book, but fiction,

* Read (or join in) this discussion:

=== Fasting: The Whys and Hows

I believe we've discussed fasting as a tool in practicing one's
religion, etc. before, but one thing I don't remember hearing
is... How?

More specifically, if you fast, how far do you take it? Do you
stop eating and drinking entirely? Allow yourself liquids? Just
cut out certain things?

Also, what about time factors? How long do you continue this
practice? Do you fast 24/7 when you're doing this, or just
certain hours (perhaps between sunrise and sunset)?

* Read (or join in) this discussion:

=== Poll: What's Threatening Your Marriage?

This poll is half in fun, half serious. Certain parts of the
right-wing in the US often claim that homosexual unions threaten
traditional marriage.

While I personally agree with what I think is the underlying
impulse there (that marriage is important for a stable society,
providing a stable environment for the raising of children and
orderly disposition of property after death), I find myself
totally puzzled as to how the lovely gay couple down the block
being married is a threat to my own marriage.

Another poster and I were kicking around some other things that
might threaten marriage, and here's a few for you to pick from.
What, in the modern world, do you think threatens your marriage?
(Or that of your parents, or friends, or of your life-time stable
romantic relationship?) If more than one fits, pick the one you
think is closest ... and then tell us why you think that's the
biggest threat to marriage!

* Read (or join in) this discussion:

=== How Do You Meditate?

How do you like to meditate? I've had a lot of people lately tell
me "oh, sit there, count breaths, empty your mind" yada yada
yada. They don't seem to understand 2 basic concepts.

1) I sit all day at work. I can't empty my mind when my legs are
falling asleep and my back and butt are hurting. It's not comfy,
no matter what cushion or chair or position or anything.

2) Tai Chi works. When I'm doing the movements, I am both "empty"
and completely in the moment. When I'm done, I'm always surprised
at how long I've been moving, because my time sense is put on
hold. I can feel the pure flow of chi and am both connected to
and also detached from everything.

For some reason, people I explain this to don't call it
meditation, they can only see meditation as sit on your rear and
go blank. So how do you meditate?

* Read (or join in) this discussion:


       If you like The Cauldron and have a few extra
       dollars, please donate via the Amazon Honor System
       and help us pay the web site bills.


============    BOOK AND DECK REVIEWS

========= Reviewed by Randall Sapphire

Aradia or the Gospel of Witches
Editor: Charles G. Leland
Trade Paperback, 160 pages
Publisher: New Page Books
Publication date: August 2003
ISBN: 1564146790
US Retail Price: $10.99
Amazon Link:

Charles Leland's Aradia or the Gospel of Witches was published in
1899. Like Sir James Frazer, Leland was one of the nineteenth
century's armchair folklorists. While much of their work is
discounted today, Leland's Aradia was a major influence on early
Wicca. For example, the traditional Charge of the Goddess was
taken from it.

According to Leland (as recorded in the appendix to this book),
the majority of the text of Aradia was collected for him by an
Italian woman named Maddalena who he paid to collect folklore for
him. He says he first heard of the work in 1886 and she was
finally able to provide him with a copy in 1897. This means the
true origin of the work is unknown. While Maddalena could have
obtained it from Italian witches, she could have had it written
to please Leland or the like. (Some even say Leland may have
written it himself as a Marxist screed.) This is why Aradia is
consider unreliable by scholars today.

Reliable or not, Aradia has played a sizeable role in modern
Wicca and it well worth reading by anyone interested in Wicca. A
few Wiccan traditions are even heavily based on the text. While
the text is long out of copyright and is available many places on
the Internet, a book is much easier to read.

Unfortunately, A.J. Drew's introduction and commentary add
nothing to the work. They make no attempt to place the work in
the context of its time and place. They make no attempt to
explain the possible origins of the work. They do not clarify or
expand on the original. As far as I can tell, all they do is give
Drew a place to expound his often unorthodox Wiccan beliefs and
to present his personal interpretations of the actual meaning of
selected points in the book. While Drew's notes to Aradia are not
nearly as bad as the Scofield Notes to the Bible, they could have
been left out of this book without any loss of value.

If you are looking for a nicely printed and bound copy of
Leland's Aradia or the Gospel of Witches, this book will easily
fulfill your needs. Just don't buy the book for the commentary.

           This review is available on our web site at

========= Reviewed by Randall Sapphire

Healing Ground: A Visionary Union of Earth and Spirit
Photography: Trish Tuley
Poetry: Myra Dutton
Trade Paperback, 138 pages
Publisher: Celestial Arts
Publication date: September 2003
ISBN: 1587612011
US Retail Price: $24.95
Amazon Link:

Healing Ground: A Visionary Union of Earth and Spirit is an art
book. I normally don't receive art books for review. This is
fortunate because I can't tell good art from bad art. I only know
what I like -- and I like this book. It is an over-sized volume
of nature photography and poetry. Tuley's photographs, mainly
landscapes, are beautiful depictions of the grandeur of the
unspoiled wilderness -- as well as being a subtle expression of
its fragility. Dutton's evocative poetry is a perfect complement
to the illustrations. So perfect in many cases, that it is hard
to believe that Tuley and Dutton worked independently and then
correlated their respective material to create this work as they
state in their introduction.

Tuley's photography has won awards and is often used by
environmental groups. Even a casual look though this book
demonstrates why. Each of her photographs -- from soaring
mountains jutting up against pristine skies to grasslands and
fields of flowers -- speaks strongly for the need to preserve
such places. Dutton's poetry has a very Pagan feel and, as I
mentioned above, seems written especially for the picture it
accompanies. This review cannot begin to do justice to the photos
in this book, so you owe it to yourself to at least flip through
this book at a book store. However, be aware that it may be hard
to put down. Healing Ground captures the beauty of the Earth and
in doing so, soothes the weary soul.

           This review is available on our web site at

========= Reviewed by Randall Sapphire

The Book of Wizardry: The Apprentice's Guide to the Secrets of
  the Wizard's Guild
Author: Cornelius Rumstuckle
Trade Paperback, 325 pages
Publisher: Llewellyn
Publication date: April 2003
ISBN: 0738701653
US Retail Price: $12.95
Amazon Link:

The Book of Wizardry: The Apprentice's Guide to the Secrets of
the Wizard's Guild was obviously written to take advantage of the
Harry Potter phenomena. It is some very basic instructions in
magick for children in 22 lessons and a long "choose your own
adventure" quest. The book is supposedly written by Cornelius
Rumstuckle, the ancient head of the Wizard's Guild. From the
copyright notice, however, I believe this book is actually
written by J.H. Brennan.

The first half of the book is 22 short lessons in magick.
Although told in a fictional style and both simplified and with
projects designed for children, the information on magickal
theory and basic technique is generally sound. Subjects like the
elements, tools, divination, and visualization are covered. The
second half of the book is a "choose your own adventure" that
will allow the successful child to "join" the Wizard's Guild.
Using some of the information from the lessons will help avoid
problems during this adventure.

I've seen a couple of objections to this book. First, that it
will support the Religious Right's position that Harry Potter is
about witchcraft and Satanism. My answer is that I really don't
think we should care. As Pagans we have the same right to fun
ways to teach our children as they do. Second, that this book
mixes too much fantasy with its teaching. This objection is
stronger, but I really don't think most children with have
problems with it. This is especially true if they are working
through the book with their parents around. If you'd like to
introduce your Harry Potter fan child to magick in a fun way,
take a look at The Book of Wizardry.

           This review is available on our web site at

========= Reviewed by Randall Sapphire

Vikings Tarot
Artist: Sergio Tisselli
Publisher: Llewellyn (Lo Scarabeo)
Publication date: August 2003
ISBN: 0738704156
US Retail Price: $19.95
View Sample Cards:
Amazon Link:

Vikings Tarot is a Viking-themed Tarot deck. This deck was
painted by Sergio Tisselli is in a soft and diffused style. Many
of the pictures are somewhat indistinct, as if seen through an
invisible fog. To be honest, I don't care much for the art style
selected. I'd have preferred bolder and clearer illustrations --
and much more symbolism on the cards. That said, some of cards
are brilliantly evocative of the Viking era and full of
symbolism. At the other end of the scale, there are a few cards
so indistinct that I could not tell what the illustration is
supposed to depict without cheating and looking in the booklet.

The Major Arcana depict the Aesir and places associated with them
such as Asgard. The suits of Minor Arcana depict giants (wands),
the Vanir (cups), dwarves and elves (pentacles), and humans
(swords). According to the key in the accompanying booklet, each
card in the Minor Arcana depicts a specific event or person from
mythology. The deck seems to be fairly standard in interpretation
and in basic symbolism, although the art style makes it harder to
pick up and read than it needs to be.

This deck comes with a small 64 page booklet filled with tiny
text. Only one-fifth of the booklet is in English (the other
languages are Italian, Spanish, French, and German). This booklet
provides background information on the deck as well as a brief
description and meaning for each of the cards. Each of the Major
Arcana receives a five to eight line description and a couple of
lines of interpretation keywords, while each Minor Arcana card
only receives a one or two line descriptive title and three
keywords or phrases to aid interpretation. One non-standard tarot
spread is described.

The Vikings Tarot is an interesting attempt at a Viking-themed
Tarot deck. With better illustrations it would probably be a much
more successful deck. This isn't a deck to give to a beginner as
he will probably find it frustrating to learn to read. A more
experienced reader will have fewer problems, but will have to
study the deck before trying to seriously read with it. A
collector who has an interest in Norse mythology will find this
deck worth considering.

           This review is available on our web site at

========= Reviewed by Randall Sapphire

Witchy Tarot
Artist: Antonella Platano
Publisher: Llewellyn (Lo Scarabeo)
Publication date: December 2003
ISBN: 0738704458
US Retail Price: $14.95
View Sample Cards:
Amazon Link:

When I first saw illustrations for the Witchy Tarot in the
Llewellyn catalog I was both stunned and disappointed. I was
stunned by the lovely artwork and disappointed that it had been
"wasted" on a deck which from the text description was aimed
directly at the teen girl market. Now that I have the deck in
hand, I'm still stunned by the artwork. Antonella Platano has
produced excellent illustrations for this deck. The art is as
evocative of the theme as is it beautiful. Those who collect
Tarot decks for their artwork will definitely want to look at
this deck.

Almost all the cards in this deck feature teen witches. There are
a few exceptions with males or older women, but the vast majority
are teen witches. Generally gorgeous teen witches. Note that
these are witches, not necessarily Wiccans. The Major Arcana have
the traditional symbolism, but are also divided into three groups
(plus the Devil card) depicting the tools, animals, and plants
that are associated with witches. While the symbolic meanings of
the Minor Arcana are similar to those of the standard Tarot deck,
the suits are Cauldrons (cups), Boulders (pentacles), Flames
(wands), and Broomsticks (swords). The court cards have been
replaced with Celebration (page), Moon (knight), Goddess (queen)
and Trial (king). Each Minor Arcana card is well-illustrated with
a specific scene.

The Witchy Tarot is accompanied by a 12 page foldout booklet that
describes the deck, the basic meaning of the cards, and gives a
special thirteen card "Circle of Witches" layout for use with
this deck. Actually, there are two of these: one in English and
one in Spanish. While this is more than enough information for an
experienced reader, it's not nearly enough for a beginner.
Fortunately, the card interpretations are fairly standard so most
beginner books on the Tarot will be usable with this deck.

I expected to find the Witchy Tarot of limited appeal -- and it
probably is. However, it is not as limited as I expected it to be
due to its excellent artwork and interesting use of symbolism.
While it is definitely aimed at the "young adult female" market,
this is a deck that will appeal to those outside its niche.
Collectors will probably want it for its art. Others may simply
find it a fun deck to read with. Those who read for teens may
find it particularly useful. It's well worth a look if you have
the chance, especially as it is priced a bit lower than the
average Lewellyn/Lo Scarabeo deck.

           This review is available on our web site at

========= Reviewed by Randall Sapphire

The New Book of Magical Names
Author: Phoenix McFarland
Trade Paperback, 415 pages
Publisher: Llewellyn
Publication date: July 2003
ISBN: 0738703958
US Retail Price: $19.95
Amazon Link:

The New Book of Magical Names is the second edition of The
Complete Book of Magickal Names. The first edition of this book
was published in 1996 and was listed in the New York Times
"Reader's Guide to the Best 10,000 Books in Print." This book is
415 pages of lists of names, information on those names, and
background material on naming methods and popular names
throughout history. Did you know that during the Puritan era in
England (1500-1640 c.e.) some were given first names like "Search
the Scriptures," "Hate Evil," or even "Jesus Christ Came Into the
World to Save"?

The majority of the book is lists of names, often with their
origins and/or meanings. These lists are divided into many
categories, names from nature, names from books and films, names
from other cultures, names from foods, names from places, names
from mythology, and many more. Over 7000 names are listed -- and
indexed, both alphabetically and by category. This book isn't
just for Pagans. It's for anyone who needs help naming a child, a
pet, or even a club or religious group and wants to look beyond
the more common English names. If you are having trouble finding
the perfect name, this book can probably help you -- and
entertain you as it does.

           This review is available on our web site at

========= Reviewed by Randall Sapphire

Cooking by the Seasons: Simple Vegetarian Feasts
Author: Karri Ann Allrich
Trade Paperback, 208 pages
Publisher: Llewellyn
Publication date: July 2003
ISBN: 0738703230
US Retail Price: $14.95
Amazon Link:

Cooking by the Seasons: Simple Vegetarian Feasts was previously
titled Recipes from a Vegetarian Goddess. This is another Pagan-
themed cookbook by Karri Allrich, featuring over 100 vegetarian
recipes. The recipes are divided into categories within the four
seasons of the year. While complete menus are provided for each
of the Wiccan sabbats and the introductory notes to each recipe
often make Wiccan references, this is primarily a cookbook. You
will not find detailed information on Wicca or Paganism here.

While I'm personally not a big fan of vegetarian meals, there
really are some tasty sounding recipes in this book. Do dishes
like Corn Mother Relish, Golden Potato Soup, Roasted Acorn Squash
Risotto, Summer Garden Couscous, Paradise Pizza, Maple Ice Cream,
Winter Solstice Pumpkin Soup make you hungry? These are just a
small sample of the many recipes in this book. Fortunately, this
book has an excellent pair of indexes as the arrangement of
recipes in this book, with major categories repeated for each
season, could otherwise make it hard to find the recipe you are
looking for. If you like to cook vegetarian, this cookbook is for

           This review is available on our web site at


        Shop Amazon, Catalog City, Abebooks, and many
        more stores at The Cauldron Shopping Mall. Every
        purchase from our one of our mall links helps
        support The Cauldron and this newsletter.


========= by Randall Sapphire

The following books and decks have been received for review in
December 2003 and may be reviewed more fully in future issues.
"First Glance Comments" included with these listings are exactly
what they seem to be: my first impression of the item from a
quick glance through the book or deck. Be aware that these views
could change drastically after a more complete examination. If
you are waiting for a particular review, remember that reviews
appear on our web site as they are finished -- often a good while
before they are published in the newsletter.

Witching Stones
by M.A. Madigan and P.M. Richards (Llewellyn)
ISBN: 0738701947
First Glance Comments: This is a divination kit based on 35
      symbols associated with Wicca (tools, the moons, the
      seasons, etc.). The symbols are on plastic "stones" which
      can be stored in a carrying pouch (included). The book
      accompanying this set explains the meanings of the symbols
      and gives several divination layouts. The symbols can also
      be used as a portable set of tools for casting spells.
      Fifteen spells designed for the stones are included. The
      system looks interesting on first glance. I've seen books
      that suggest using Wiccan symbols for divination, but this
      is the first example of a complete system I've seen.
More Info from Amazon.com:

Handfasting and Wedding Rituals
by Raven Kaldera and Tannin Schwartzstein (Llewellyn)
ISBN: 0738704709
First Glance Comments: Handfasting and wedding ceremonies are
      some of the most important ceremonies in the average
      Pagan's life, yet there hasn't been much available in print
      to give couples and clergy ideas and guidance in planning a
      Pagan wedding ceremony. This book appears from a first
      glance to be an answer to a major need. It gives
      suggestions for planning, writing vows and rituals, and
      handling interfaith marriages and non-traditional couples.
      Sixteen full rituals are included and there are many more
      partial rituals. While certainly not perfect, this book
      appears to be well worth the price.
More Info from Amazon.com:

============    ARTICLES

========= THELEMA
========= by David Withun

"Do what thou wilt shall be the whole of the Law."


Something is happening to the world; it is changing, suddenly and
swiftly, and in big ways. There are weapons developed only within
the last 50 years capable of destroying whole cities, nations,
even the entire planet, all at once. The governments and politics
which have ruled the world for all of recorded history are
crumbling and falling apart. The religions and philosophies that
the majority of human beings have adhered to for the past
thousand years or more are proving grossly inadequate in the face
of modern scientific discovery and the existential void left by
the industrial revolution.

What's going on? Those who adhere to Judeo-Christian religious
thought tell us that we're living in the End Times. Astrologers
and New Agers inform us that we have just recently entered the
Age of Aquarius. Everyone sees the change, so everyone puts
forward their own opinion as to the cause thereof. And each is
right, in their own way.

We have entered a New Aeon, and this Aeon is very different from
those which preceded it. In the Aeon of Isis we had our caring,
ever-vigilant Mother to look after our growth. In the Aeon of
Osiris we had our loving, but stern, Father to watch that we did
not get out of line and to supply the necessary training for our
coming adulthood. In this Aeon, that of Horus, we have moved out
of our parents' house. We are still children, but we no longer
have our parents to look after us. We are on our own.

It is uncertain when the Aeon of Isis began, but we can be
relatively certain that it reached its climax around 2400 BCE.
Much of this period is characterized by goddess worship,
matriarchal government and an agricultural-based system of
attaining food. The woman and her magic were feared and

Upon attaining a certain age, she would bleed with the cycling of
the moon and sometimes this bleeding would stop for nine moons,
at the end of which a brand new life would emerge from her body.
This mysterious process made woman very powerful, having the
power of the goddess, earth, herself: to create new life.

Man's place in this process was eventually found out. It was
discovered that without the semen provided by men, children could
not be produced by women. And soon women lost their former power.
Thus began the Aeon of Osiris, about 200 BCE.

Having figured out where babies come from, a new question arose,
at the other end of the spectrum of life: where do people go when
they die? This problem became the obsession of human beings
during the Aeon of Osiris.

The belief in an afterlife and how to get there comprises the
central theme of nearly all of the religions that developed
during this period, which are the majority of those still
practiced today. And most of these looked to nature for the
answer: rebirth. The sun is born every morning and dies in the
west, only to be reborn again in the east. Plants and animals die
and new life rises up from their remains.

Having found the solution to this riddle, it was time for a new
one to arise. We now knew what happened at the beginning and end
of life, but what of the in between time? Why are we here?

The Aeon of Osiris came to a close on April 8, 1904 ev (era
vulgaris). This was the day that Aleister Crowley received the
first chapter of The Book of the Law from a praeter-natural being
who called himself Aiwass. Aiwass gave Crowley the second and
third chapters on the 9th and 10th days of April, completing The
Book of the Law, which gives the formula for the New Aeon: "Do
what thou wilt."


For the current Aeon, "Do what thou wilt shall be the whole of
the Law." To those of us whose minds have been conditioned to
submission by the Aeon of Osiris, which are the vast majority of
us, this may at first seem repulsive and a formula for chaos.
Certainly each person cannot do whatever they want to do!

But in actuality this statement has nearly the same meaning as
Jesus' prayer "Thy will be done." "Do what thou wilt" does not
mean "do what you like." It is a statement of freedom,
absolutely, but not an advocation of chaos.

The theory behind the statement is elucidated in the third verse
of The Book of the Law: "Every man and every woman is a star."
Every star is original and unique, with its own chemical makeup
which no other shares. Every star also has its own unique orbit.
"Do what thou wilt" urges us to find our own makeup and orbit.
"Do what thou wilt" is the answer to the existential question we
all ask at some point in our life: "Who am I and why am I here?"

In order to answer the second, and more important, part of the
question, one first must find the solution to the first part.
They must find out who they are -- who they really are.

Everything that we are right now is the result of social
conditioning. We are not ourselves, but what others have decided
we are. For an example, take the extreme case of the Hindu caste

A boy is born to farming parents, and so it is his fate to grow
crops and sell them for the rest of his life. This is not what he
wants and he is terrible at it. His awful farming skills result
in a bad harvest, causing the starving deaths of the people who
depended upon him for sustenance.

Now, let's say that this boy is instead born into a family that
encourages him to follow his true calling, as a police officer.
He then saves the lives of the very people he could have killed
had he been forced to be a farmer.

This is the true nature of "do what thou wilt." As M.L. von Franz
writes in Man and His Symbols, every person, really deep down,
knows what he should do. Thelema and its Law only help a person
to peel off and drill through the layers of who we think we are,
what people have forced us to be, so that we can be who we really


Just as the Law of Thelema is "do what thou wilt," the other
central thesis of Thelema is "Love is the law, love under will."
Love is the uniting of opposites, which is the nature of the Law
of Thelema, and is also referred to as the Great Work.

The Great Work consists of uniting, in religious terms, the will
of the individual with the Will of God, or, in the terms of
Jungian psychology, the conscious with the unconscious self. It
is the self-discovery of a person.

This is really the point of all psychology as well as Thelema.
All of the circumstances which have formed a person are exposed
and examined in order to find out the reason behind their
conflicts with themselves and others. In Jungian psychology, they
try to discover what their unconscious is telling them and to
follow the directions coming from within.

The theory behind Thelema is that if each person would do this
there would be no conflict whatsoever because we would all be
guided by God or the unconscious or whatever Force(s) or Being(s)
it may be which is behind these instructions.


Psychologists and Thelemites both have the same goal. Where they
differ is in the methods used to achieve this goal. Whereas
psychologists use dream symbol interpretation and therapy
sessions, Thelemites take a slightly more active approach, using
ritual and ceremony.

One of the first tasks that a Probationer of the A:.A:. is
advised to do is to write as much as they can remember of their
history. In order to figure out who one is and where one is
going, one must first know where they have been. A person has to
find out as many factors as they can that may have influenced who
they are.

Many of the other early practices are oriented toward self-
control. If one has any hope of achieving the Great Work, he must
learn not to cave to any influence, even of his own psyche. The
adorations and "saying will" before meals demonstrate social
courage, the will not to give in even to the powerful force of
society. It takes a lot of a person to be able to stop in the
middle of a crowd at noon and loudly say adorations to the sun or
to sit before a stunned dinner guest as you pronounce your will
to eat.

It also takes quite a bit of a person to take an oath forbidding
himself a certain action or thought, as prescribed in Liber III,
and to actually carry out the punishment should one violate his
oath. This is especially difficult when the oath is taken to
oneself and not to another. We may be our own harshest critic,
but rarely are we willing to actually correct our faults.

In order to be oneself, to accomplish one's True Will, to be
truly free, all bonds must be broken, whether social or personal,
and all addictions must be overcome. This is the point of these

Once one has mastered himself in this way and mastered Magick
through various other prescribed practices, he will be ready for
the accomplishment of the Great Work.

One ritual which Crowley wrote for this climactic attainment is
given in Liber DCCC. It is a summoning of one's Holy Guardian
Angel to finally unite with the individual involved. In this way
does a Thelemite finally reach his goal of accomplishing the
Great Work.


While it has never been a requirement on a Thelemite to join any
organization, Crowley knew that the accomplishment of such a huge
task as the Great Work could hardly be asked of even the above
average individual to do on his own, and so he set up several
organizations to assist the aspirant. The A:.A:. and O.T.O. are
the only ones that exist to this day.

The O.T.O., or Ordo Templi Orientis, is a fraternal organization
which Crowley came to the head of in 1912. It functions much like
the lodges of modern Freemasonry. It is the "outer order" for

The O.T.O. gives Thelemites a chance for fellowship and performs
several public and semi-public rituals, the most important of
which is the beautiful vehicle for conveying Thelemic religious
expression called the Gnostic Mass.

The A:.A:. is the "inner order" for Thelemites. It is an
organization dedicated to assisting the individual in his own
personal accomplishment of the Great Work. Its purpose is to test
the individual in his spiritual attainment and to guide him to
tasks which may be of his benefit.

===== Suggested Reading:

=== Books by Aleister Crowley:

Magick Without Tears

Liber Aleph

Book Four

Magick in Theory and Practice

The Equinox, Vol. III No. 10

=== Books not by Aleister Crowley:

The Magick of Thelema - Lon Milo Duquette

Man and His Symbols - Carl G. Jung

Masks of God (four book series) - Joseph Campbell

Beyond Good and Evil - Friedrich Nietzsche

Ritual and Dogma of Ceremonial Magick - Eliphas Levi

===== Links

Library of Thelemic Libri

Ordo Templi Orientis homepage

Aleister Crowley Foundation

Online Versions of The Equinox

Beast Bay, Thelemic Discussions

"Love is the law, love under will."

                   CHEAP WEB HOSTING REPORT

        Looking for affordable web hosting with lots of
        features from popular hosting companies? Check
        the Cheap Web Hosting Report!


========= Copyright (c) 2001 Jonobie Ford
========= http://jford.kence.org/religion/

If you've been in the Neopagan community very long at all, you'll
have seen at least a half a dozen essays asserting that
"Christians stole/borrowed/used all these
traditions/holidays/customs from the Pagans." A good number of
these are historically questionable assertions; some of them have
merit. But mostly, they only serve to fuel ugly fires of
Christian bashing.

I'm angry that a community which is known for eclecticism and
borrowing is hypocritical enough to complain that ancient
Christians did the same thing. After all, here we are in the 21th
century, and many of us have a theology that contains elements
from many different periods and religions, possibly even Deities
from several different periods and religions, and rituals and
traditions that have been influenced from everything from Western
occult to shamanism to modern culture and everything in between.
And yet, there are complaints that Christians, who were once also
a new religion, took ideas from a variety of sources and fit them
together with their own ideas to form a theology, liturgy, and
history that made sense to them. How is this different from what
we're doing at this exact moment?

I know, there are Christians who don't believe their own history.
And there are Pagans who still believe that most ancient
societies were matriarchal or that their religion has an unbroken
line to the past. None of these ideas is really any less silly
than the other. Let's have some understanding that foolishness
exists everywhere, not just in Christianity. I'd bet there are
some pretty inaccurate ideas running around in Islam, Hinduism,
and Buddhism, too -- just most of us don't know about it because
we don't have as much contact with them.

My pastor at my UU church once made an interesting remark about
fundamentalist Christianity. He said that people leave
fundamentalist Christianity because something in their "perfect
and orderly world" cracks and breaks so badly that it can't be
repaired. For whatever reason, people suddenly realize that the
world does not revolve around them, that God does not hold them
in the center of His palm, or that they are no more chosen than
anyone else on this Earth. It's a terribly frightening
realization, and tends to cause a great deal of anger towards
this religion that they believe lied to them.

I think we have a lot of people who are still trying to deal with
this anger in the Pagan community. We have a number of refugees
from Christianity; people who feel betrayed by that religion, for
whatever reason, and are trying to wrestle with throwing off the
old theology while converting to their new religion. This
"throwing off" and breaking with old thought patterns is
notoriously painful and violent - much like a teenager rebelling
to assert independence and freedom from parents. Since we've
grown so fast, we have a much higher number of newcomers than
Elders, which means that the voices of anger sometimes drown out
the voices of tolerance and reason. Without many Elders, it also
means that many of our newcomers are trying to get past their
anger, and into a new religion, without much guidance from those
who have already passed through these fires.

Sadly, this anger often manifests by either trying to prove
Paganism's superiority or by railing against Christians. Often
this "proof" of Paganism's superiority manifests in claims that
it is older. Older isn't always better, and sometimes it's
decidedly worse. Even the most Reconstructionist-oriented Pagans
need to modify what they know about older religions and cultures
to fit modern sensibilities and culture. The difference between
Reconstructed religions and one that has a living tradition, such
as Christianity, is that Reconstructionists are making all their
modifications at once. Living traditions have organically grown
and changed to fit the times.

While it's intellectually interesting that Christianity shares a
great number of parallels with other mythology of the time, from
a spiritual perspective, it doesn't matter. It just proves that
there is meaning beyond the mythology; after all, we've all
spoken it, each in our own religions' language. Who cares who got
there first? Religion isn't a race; it's about finding and
speaking your Truth. People before us have found their Truth and
spoken it in their own ways; people after us will do the same. We
should concentrate on joining them.

============    COLUMNS

========= by TarotDeevah

=== Sacred Rose Tarot

by Johanna Gargiulo-Sherman
Made in Switzerland by AG Muller
Distributed by US Games Systems, Inc.
Copyright 1982 by US Games Systems, Inc.
ISBN 0880790121
See Cards From This Deck:
Amazon Link:

This is one of those decks that just gives me the creeps. The art
would be OK, except that most of the characters have hollow eyes,
either completely black or completely white. There are no pupils
or irises at all. It makes them all look like "creatures" rather
than people. It's quite unsettling to have those non-eyes staring
at you. :::shiver:::

Sacred Rose Tarot mostly follows Rider-Waite style, except that
Justice is VIII and Strength is XI. All of the cards, including
the pips, are illustrated. Suits are wands, cups, swords and
pentacles. Some of the swords are quite brutal. Court cards are
page, knight, queen and king.

The cards measure approximately 2.75 by 4.75 inches. This is a
little large for me, but certainly not above average as tarot
decks go. The stock is durable ... just right if you ask me. I
suspect they will hold up to regular use well, but I don't use
mine much at all.

I recommend this deck for those who can get past those eyes.
Symbolism is adequate ... enough for beginners. I recommend the
deck for collectors, as it is an interesting addition.

=== Santa Fe Tarot

Illustrations by Holly Huber
Written by Tracy LeCocq
Published by US Games Systems, Inc.
Copyright 1993 by US Games Systems, Inc.
ISBN 0880797002
See Cards From This Deck:
Amazon Link:

This is an interesting tarot deck. It follows Rider-Waite style,
but has been modified to fit a Native American theme. I know very
little about Native American culture, mythology or art, so I'm
not qualified to comment on its accuracy. The names and order of
the major arcana remains the same as Rider-Waite, but suits have
changed. I find it odd to keep the majors and court cards true to
Rider-Waite, since I doubt very much Native Americans had
heirophants or knights or pages. Suits are rainbows (wands),
water (cups), lightening (swords) and buffalos (pentacles). Court
cards are page, knight, queen and king. The style of the
illustrations remind me of cave drawings.

The cards measure about 2.75 by 3.75 inches, which is a little
large for me, but not as far as tarot decks generally go. The
card stock is perfect in my opinion. They are very durable, but
easily handled.

I recommend this deck for those looking for a Native American
theme, naturally. As far as Native American decks go, it's one of
my favorites. I also recommend this deck for theme-deck lovers
and collectors. Beginners may find it difficult to grasp unless
they are knowledgeable in Native American symbolism.

=== Shakespearean Tarot

by Dolores Ashcroft-Nowicki
Illustrations by Paul Hardy
Published for Caxton Editions by Diamond Books
First published by Aquarian Press (1993)
Copyright 1993 by Dolores Ashcroft-Nowicki
ISBN 0261669737
See Cards From This Deck:
Amazon Link:

I find this to be a most charming deck. Each card features a
quote from a Shakespearean play and the title of the play. Being
a Shakespeare fan, this deck really makes me think. I don't
always agree with the quote chosen for each card, and sometimes
I'm sure of another quote that would fit even better; however, I
like that this deck causes me to try to think of them. The deck
loosely follows the Rider Waite style, but modifications have
been made. The heirophant has become the high priest. The suits
have been changed to: sceptres (wands), orbs (cups), swords and
crowns (pentacles). Court cards are king, queen, lord (knight)
and lady (page). My only complaint is that once the deck and book
set is opened, you'll need to find a box or bag for the cards.
They do not come in their own box.

The cards measure about 2.5 by 4.5 inches and handle quite
easily, even for my smallish hands. Card stock is a little thin,
but not flimsy. These cards may not be as durable as others, due
to their size and stock. I haven't had my deck long enough to say
for sure, but that's the impression I get.

I recommend this deck for all Shakespeare fans, beginner through
advanced. Also, collectors will want to add it to their
collection. I am very pleased with mine!

=== Shapeshifter Tarot

by DJ Conway and Sirona Knight
Illustrations by Lisa Hunt
Published by Llewellyn Publications
Copyright 1998 by DJ Conway, Sirona Knight and Lisa Hunt
ISBN 1567183840
See Cards From This Deck:
Amazon Link:

This is quite a lovely deck. The art is breathtaking and
inspiring. It is a new system of tarot, too far removed to be
called a Rider-Waite style or a Tarot de Marseilles style. Like
with Osho Zen, I have a difficult time calling it a true tarot
deck, although this one is closer to tarot than Osho Zen in my
opinion. Despite that, much like Osho Zen, I absolutely love it.

There are 25 major arcana cards, which are: 0-Initiation, 1-
Sorcerer, 2-Sorceress, 3-the Mother, 4-the Father, 5-Knowledge,
6-the Lovers, 7-Power, 8-Courage, 9-the Seer, 10-the Circle, 11-
Nature, 12-the Shapeshifter, 13-Rebirth, 14-Balance, 15-Choice,
16-the Serpent, 17-the Star, 18-the Moon, 19-the Sun, 20-
Transcendence, 21-the Double, 22-the Journey, 23-the Dreamer, and
24-Oneness. Suits are wands, cups, swords and pentacles. In this
deck, wands are air and swords are fire, which some may find
difficult. There are no wands in the suit of wands, no swords in
the suit of swords, etc. Instead, each card in the minor arcana
looks more like one of the major arcana. Keywords are printed on
the cards, giving them a title rather than a number of pentacles
or cups. Court cards are seeker (page), warrior (knight), God
(queen) and Goddess (king). Associating the masculine God with
the queen and the Feminine Goddess with the king may be difficult
for some. Despite its difficulties, I find this deck very

The cards measure about 2.75 by 4.5 inches and handle well. The
card stock is ideal and holds up to the regular shuffling I put
it through. This is a deck I use quite a bit.

I recommend this deck for those looking for a slightly feminine
deck or Goddess-based deck that doesn't go overboard. This deck
has a decidedly feminine feel, but not at the expense of men. I
also recommend this deck for those who associate wands with air
and swords with fire. This is the best deck using that
association that I've seen to date. The deck may be difficult for
beginners, but I recommend it for them as well. This deck is
ideal for inspiring new readers. Collectors will find it a must,
as will theme-deck lovers.

===== About This Column

TarotDeevah's column will feature monthly articles or reviews
selected from her web site or written for this newsletter.
You can find TarotDeevah's web site at:

========= Humor by an unknown author

Howdy folks. I'm Billy Bob DreamDancer, and I'd like to invite
ya'll to join me and my lovely wife Tammy Faye Moonbeam when we
present our new spiritual TV show, the 3Fold Club.

We will be premiering Thursday night, August 24th at 8:00 PST on
UPN 666. Join in song with us as our chorus of skyclad priestess
initiates thrills you with plagiarized Christian tunes, set forth
in pagan words.

Share the joy as I heal the sick, right before your very eyes, as
a 57th degree Reiki practitioner, not some plebeian (*cough*real*
couch*) 3rd degree so called Master. Can I have a Blessed Be
brothers and sisters!!!!!

As a special introductory offer, Christians are welcome to join
us and have their souls saved by our special guest Jesus
(Hernandez) in a show of interfaith unity. So Mote it be!!!!

Now, I must ask your help in this brothers and sisters. The Lady
told me in a dream last week, that She would call me home to the
Summerlands if I don't raise the collective consciousness, in the
amount of $10 million. Help me to help you!!!

Besides, Tammy Faye Moonbeam needs your support too. She spends
hundreds of dollars each and every day on Henna. It's an
addiction, so says the Shamanistic Healers at the Betty Ford
Clinic. Please send cash as our Lady does not want us to detract
from our spiritual path by worrying about checks and book

I'd also like to extend an invitation to you to come on down and
join us at our new religious theme park, WiccanWorld. Take a ride
on our Sacred Space roller coaster, the tallest in North America.
Thrill yourself when you ride our Wheel of the Year over 150 feet
into the air. Try to hold onto your seats as you experience the
Spiral Dance bobsled ride.

If you'd like advance registration or would like to purchase
tickets to our show, please send cash only to:

Billy Bob DreamDancer
1313 Opossumtown Road, trailer lot #13 (see, our lucky number!!)
Mahsistersmahwife, NC 60606

Don't worry about filling out any forms when you send your cash.
I'm a Natural Witch, and I'll know all about you just by
psychically feeling your envelope.

Amen and Blessed Be!!!

========= By Randall Sapphire

While I'm not much of a computer game player, one of the few
games I really enjoyed, Master of Magic, stopped working when I
upgraded to a new computer with Windows XP at the beginning of
2003. Master of Magic (MoM) is an old DOS game from the early
1990s, sort of a fantasy version of Civilization where you are a
wizard trying to balance building up your cities, researching
magic, and building armies with the aim of becoming the only
wizard left on the map. I did a lot of research on the net and
while some people reported that they could get MoM running under
Windows XP, most could not -- and I was in that majority that
could not.

Enter DOSBox. DOSBox is a free, open source DOS emulator,
designed for games, that now runs under Windows and several other
operating systems. With the latest version of DOSBox (0.60),
Master of Magic and several other old DOS games run nicely in a
window on my Windows XP desktop.

If you have old DOS games you'd like to run on a newer computer
running Windows 2000 or Windows XP, DOSBox is a very nice program
that may allow your old favorites to run. Which old games work
with DOSBox? The DOSBox web site maintains a database of reports
of how well various old games work.

The two main problems with DOSBox are that it slow and only "real
mode" is fully emulated (some "newer" DOS games run in "protected
mode"). The DOSBox documentation reports that programs run in
DOSBox on a 1.7 Gigahertz Pentium IV PC run at roughly at the
speed they would a 25MHz 386 PC. This means that most First
Person Shooter games like Duke Nukem 3D are too slow to be
playable. Turn-based games do much better, although even Master
of Magic was too slow for enjoyable play until I read the
documentation and learned how to adjust the emulation speed (this
info is near the end of the readme file).

You can download DOSBox or find out more information about it on
the DOSBox web site:



Corporate America (and many large non-profits) keep a small army
of publicists busy writing copyright-free articles that busy
newspaper and newsletter editors can use in their publications.
Many are nothing but shill worthy only of a cartoon version of
used car salesman. Others contain useful information with only a
subtle plug. Your editor has found a good online source for these
and will be including a few that he feels may be of interest to
Cauldron and Candle readers in issues of this newsletter.
Remember that publication of an article in this newsletter is not
an endorsement of the authors' position or any products and
companies mentioned therein.

========= How To Care For The Caregivers

Some 50 million adults provide care for an older or chronically
ill family member at home. Providing such care can be richly
rewarding at times, yet considerably burdensome at others.
Sometimes the stress on family caregivers can leave them feeling

Caring for an ill relative is never easy. Challenges can range
from the physical (lifting an elderly relative in and out of a
chair), to the financial (inability to work outside the home) and
to the social (canceled vacations or other plans). In some cases,
caregivers may experience physical illness, depression, grief,
and changes in their own relationships as a result of the care
they provide.

Friends and other family members can play a critical role in
caring for the caregiver by watching for signs of stress and
making sure that strained caregivers get the help they need. Some
of the signs that a caregiver may be heading for burn-out

* overt sadness

* being short-tempered

* sleeplessness or fatigue

* worried about finances

* concern over loss of privacy or social contacts

* feeling heavily overwhelmed and confined by the caregiving

These feelings can combine to compromise the caregiver's health-
as well as the health of the person receiving care. The John A.
Hartford Foundation Institute for Geriatric Nursing, based at New
York University, has developed a 13-item questionnaire that can
be used to quickly identify family caregivers who should seek
help and support. It focuses on some of the symptoms mentioned
above. It can be found at:

If you see friends or family members exhibiting some of these
signs and symptoms, talk to them about getting help and support.
Encourage them to:

* Use available resources such as offers of help from friends,
  family, and neighbors

* Use community support programs such as respite care programs

* Reach out to a health care professional who can help evaluate
  them, their loved-one's condition and suggest care plans

* Visit these Web sites for more information: The National Family
  Caregivers Association (http://www.nfcacares.org/) offers many
  helpful tips on coping with various aspects of caregiving. The
  Web site of Today's Caregiver magazine,
  http://www.caregiver.com/, also provides helpful articles and a
  discussion forum. The Alzheimer's Association

Mathy Mezey, RN, EdD, FAAN is the Director of the John A.
Hartford Foundation Institute for Geriatric Nursing at the
Division of Nursing, The Steinhardt School of Education, New York
University. http:/www.hartfordign.org/

========= Advice On Avoiding Deadly Electrical Fires

Fire safety is no accident. About 40,000 residential electrical
fires and 350 deaths occur each year, the majority of which are
caused by faulty appliances, extension cords, power strips, and
hidden hazards with electrical circuits. In addition to making
sure that all appliances, plugs, and cords are in good working
order, consumers can add an extra layer of protection by
installing a new fire safety device: an arc fault circuit
interrupter (AFCI).

Electrical Safety Foundation International (ESFI) is at the
forefront of the fight to reduce electrical fires, and recommends
that parents and homeowners inspect and protect against hazards
potentially lurking behind their walls.

"Electrical fires, especially those caused by faulty wiring, are
among the most deadly because the fire can start behind the wall
and spread throughout much of the home before being detected,"
warned ESFI executive director Michael G. Clendenin. "AFCIs offer
a protection from those fires we've never had before."

AFCIs provide a more advanced defense against electrical fires,
by detecting and stopping electrical arcs. An arc can occur when
an electrical wire is punctured or overheats and is a sign that
an electrical fire may soon start. AFCIs have special technology
that makes it more sensitive to dangers along an electrical
circuit that cannot be detected by most breakers and fuses.

Though electrical products are being made safer, homeowners
should still heed the following advice to avoid potentially fatal
electrical fires:

* Look for telltale signs of electrical problems such as dimming
  of lights, frequent circuit breaker trips or blown fuses.

* Ask a qualified electrician if your home would benefit from
  AFCI protection, especially during inspections of older homes
  or upgrades to electrical systems.

* Limit the use of extension cords, use them only temporarily,
  and never with space heaters or air conditioners.

* Use light bulbs that are the proper wattage for the fixture.

* Make sure smoke alarms are installed on every floor outside
  sleeping areas and in every bedroom, and are in good working

For additional electrical safety information, visit the
Foundation's Web site at http://www.electrical-safety.org/ or
call 703-841-3229.

========= Don't Let Winter Stop You From Grilling Outdoors

From burgers and fish to turkeys and roasts, Americans are
increasingly grilling year-round. When it comes to defining their
grilling season, 54 percent of grill owners say they grill all
year long, an increase from 49 percent a year ago, according to a
recent survey.

"Thirty-nine percent of the survey respondents say they grill
outside even when it's below freezing," said Shaun Chinsky, of
Weber-Stephen Products Co., which sponsored the 15th Annual Weber
GrillWatch Survey. "Savvy backyard cooks recognize that winter
shouldn't stop them from enjoying that unique flavor of seared
and smoked food that only outdoor grilling creates."

Whether cooking for a Super Bowl Sunday party, on a ski trip, or
for a family holiday gathering, Chinsky suggests following these
tips to ensure a successful winter grilling experience:

Grill in an Open Space. Never grill in closed quarters that can
trap deadly carbon monoxide. Use open spaces like a deck off the
kitchen, where the grill is a safe distance from anything

Be Flexible. Cold weather grilling is when you should be more
flexible with your serving time, since it may be necessary to add
to the total amount of cooking time.

Make Sure It's Done. Always use a meat thermometer to determine
the internal temperature of the food you're cooking.

Keep it Simple. Almost anything is faster when cooked on the
grill-best bets for cold weather grilling are foods that don't
require much attention. Steaks, burgers or fish that need only
one quick flip or large meats that can cook unattended without
repeated basting will work well. Not only do you eliminate
multiple trips outside to the grill, but you also don't have to
keep opening the lid and lose the heat that has built up.

Maintain Consistent Heat. If it's snowing, brush the snow off the
grill before cooking. Snow on the grill reduces the temperature
in the grill. Try not to lift the lid any more than necessary,
because cold gusts blowing into the grill will lower the cooking

Take Advantage of the Hot Grill. Use it for side dishes, like
vegetables or potatoes, to get flavor unmatched indoors. Try
cooking winter's bounty of squash and root vegetables. Grill them
whole or cut in half and always use the indirect grilling method,
which intensifies the flavor of the vegetables, caramelizing and
browning these hearty winter vegetables.

Use a Heated Platter. It's a good idea to put the grilled food
onto a heated platter. Don't put the meat on a cold plate that's
been sitting outside next to the grill.

========= Tips for Saving More at the Store this Year

How well do you plan your excursions to the grocery store? By
using common sense and your computer, you can save time and
money. Try these savvy shopping strategies.

1. Use coupons as a trusted source for savings. Coupons are a
   great way to save on your favorite brands. Newspaper circulars
   offer traditional coupons, and now the Internet makes finding
   coupons fast, easy and free. Try coolsavings.com, ivillage.com
   or your favorite manufacturer's Web site.

2. Home Economics 101. Think through menus and housekeeping "to
   do's" in advance. Web sites like allrecipes.com and
   homemadesimple.com will inspire your creativity and keep you
   focused on your shopping trip.

3. Prepare a list prior to grocery shopping. Don't forget your
   shopping list-it will save you money. More than 40 percent of
   people purchase on impulse when shopping if they do not have a
   list with them, according to greedyfools.com.

4. Never grocery shop when you're hungry. The hungrier you are,
   the more you will crave food that may not be on your list or
   in your budget. Shop after a meal, or better yet, after you

5. Keep your eyes peeled. Food manufacturers compete for the best
   shelf space, so look high and low. For every one type of
   product, there are a variety of brands with varying prices
   including generic brands, which often offer the best value.

6. Save with the "Blinky Machines." The dispensers perched on
   store shelves make it easy to spot great coupons and save on
   your favorite brands.

7. Give yourself a time limit. Get in and out of the store as
   quickly as possible. Experts say that for every extra minute
   you shop, you spend 50 cents more.

8. Shop at the right time. Mornings are less crowded-making it
   easier to satisfy your need for speed. And, shop when double
   and triple coupons are offered.

9. Cut down your trips to the grocery store. Make a monthly trip
   to a discount grocery store for staples and packaged goods.
   Then, shop weekly for milk, fruit and veggies. You'll buy less
   produce that often goes to waste.

10. Keep score. Track what you're paying for groceries each week.
    Using a computer program like Quicken you can create
    categories in your online checkbook and track your purchases
    with ease.

With the money you save using these helpful tactics, consider
helping another in need. Visit http://www.secondharvest.org/ or
http://www.cutouthunger.org/ for more information on how you can
feed the hungry in your own community.

These helpful tips are brought to you by coolsavings.com

========= Elephant Birth Trumpets Conservation History

On December 5, 2003, at 9:25 a.m., the birth of Riccardo, a 232-
pound newborn, male, Asian elephant was good news for elephant
lovers everywhere and people dedicated to helping conserve this
magnificent species.

The birth was also historic news for the Ringling Bros. and
Barnum & Bailey Center for Elephant Conservation (CEC), marking a
monumental first for the scientific research and breeding

Riccardo is the first offspring from two elephants born into the
care of Ringling Bros., making him the first second-generation
calf at the Center, which opened in 1995 in Central Florida.

"While each Asian elephant birth is a cause for celebration, we
are particularly thrilled with Riccardo's arrival," stated
Kenneth Feld, CEO and Chairman of Feld Entertainment, Inc. "The
second- generation birth represents unprecedented success in the
strides toward conservation of the species, creating a more
diverse gene pool and additional opportunities to share our work
and the knowledge gained at the CEC worldwide. We are living up
to our credo, 'Endangered Species? Not if we can help it.'"

Since the 1990s, more than a third of the viable Asian elephants
born in North America were born into the care of Ringling Bros.
Currently, fewer than 40,000 Asian elephants are left in the
world, so each new calf takes the Asian elephant one step further
from extinction.

The CEC was founded by Feld Entertainment, the parent company of
Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey, to keep Asian elephants alive
for future generations.

Built in 1995, the 200-acre state-of-the-art facility was
designed for the reproduction, research and retirement of the
Asian elephant.

Knowledge gained there is shared throughout the world, especially
throughout North America and Southeast Asia.

For more information about the CEC, visit the Web site at

========= Cauldron Info

The Cauldron: A Pagan Forum was founded in December 1997 to
provide a friendly but serious discussion area for Pagans on the
Internet. We've grown a bit over the years. We now have an active
message area, a large web site with around 700 pages of
information (including over 250 book and divination deck
reviews), and a monthly email newsletter. To continue to provide
and expand these services, The Cauldron needs lots of volunteer
help from our members and supporters.

Here are some of the things members and supporters can do to help
The Cauldron: A Pagan Forum thrive:

===== Actively Participate In Our Message Board

While our Delphi message board welcomes readers, we encourage
members to actively participate by posting their comments and
views in our discussions. One of the easiest ways to help The
Cauldron is to actively participate in our message board. The
staff especially appreciates members who start new topics for
discussion based on their own questions, opinions, or interests.


===== Articles! Essays! Tutorials!

We are in constant need of original, well-written and accurate
articles, essays, tutorials, and other written items for both our
web site and for our Cauldron and Candle newsletter. There's no
real limit on length for web site articles. Here are a few areas
in which we always need articles:

* information on the beliefs and theology of the various Pagan
  religions, especially non-Wiccan religions

* information on holidays and festivals of the various Pagan
  religions, especially non-Wiccan religions

* recipes for oils, incenses, and food for the various Pagan

* magick, spells, and ritual information

* herbal information

* positive articles on dealing with other faiths

* information on historical pagan cultures

* editorial/opinion pieces

Non-Wiccan material is stressed not because we don't want Wiccan
material but because good non-Wiccan material has been hard to
find. We have a web form you can use to submit an article for
consideration: http://www.ecauldron.com/persontestart.php

===== Book Reviews

While The Cauldron receives some review copies from a couple of
Pagan publishers, there are many books that can only be reviewed
on our web site if a member has a copy and writes a good,
objective review. The Cauldron is interested in reviews on the
more academic books used by reconstructionist Pagan religions as
well as on the books one finds on the Pagan/New Age shelf in the
bookstore. We have a web form you can use to submit a book review
for consideration: http://www.ecauldron.com/persontestbr.php

===== Graphic Assistance

The Cauldron: A Pagan Forum is purposely a low graphics site as
we value page download speed over flashy graphics. However, we
are always willing to talk with artists who have ideas for
well-designed small graphics (small in both physical dimensions
and file size) that might enhance a specific article or page.

===== Invite Your Friends

If you have friends or acquaintances who you believe would find
The Cauldron: A Pagan Forum useful, please tell them about our
site. If you are active in our message board and have friends who
might enjoy them or have information to contribute, please invite

===== Link To The Cauldron

If you have a web site where linking to The Cauldron: A Pagan
Forum would be appropriate, simply providing a link to this web
site is a big help. Our Link to this Site page explains how you
can do this if you need help or want some simple graphic buttons
to use: http://www.ecauldron.com/linktous.php

===== Donations

As The Cauldron: A Pagan Forum uses as many free services as
possible, our need for money to operate our site is currently
lower than our need for the many items we list above. However, if
you have a few dollars to spare, we would be honored to have your
help in paying for our web site. You can donate by using either
PayPal or the Amazon Honor System links below (we get about 85%
of what you donate).

Donate via PayPal
Donate via Amazon.com

===== Amazon Purchases

The Cauldron: A Pagan Forum also receives a small percentage
(usually 5%) from most items purchased from Amazon.com when you
go to Amazon.com from one of the links to Amazon on our web site.
If you purchase a lot of books, CDs, and other items from
Amazon.com as many members do, going to Amazon.com through one of
our links when you are going to make a purchase there is a
painless way to help fund this web site.


===== Have Questions or Suggestions?

If you have specific questions, proposals or other ideas we
haven't mentioned here, please email them to
rssapphire00@ecauldron.GETRIDOFEME.com. (Unfortunately, Randall
has to answer general "Tell me more?" type questions with a
request for a more specific question. He's not trying to be rude,
he just can't think of anything general and useful to say that
isn't said here.)

========= (Including how to subscribe and unsubscribe)

Cauldron and Candle is a free publication of The Cauldron: A
Pagan Forum. The Cauldron intends to publish this newsletter once
a month and often actually succeeds in doing so. We tried to
publish it twice a month for a while, but real life interfered
too often.

This issue of Cauldron and Candle as a whole is copyright (c)
2004 by The Cauldron: A Pagan Forum. Copyrights on individual
items in this newsletter are retained by their author, please
contact the editors if you need to contact an author for
permission to reprint an article and the editors will do their
best to put you in touch with him or her. The opinions expressed
herein are those of the individual authors and do not necessarily
reflect the views of newsletter, The Cauldron: A Pagan Forum, or
its staff. Publication of an article in this newsletter is not an
endorsement of the authors position or any products and companies
mentioned therein. No one involved in producing this newsletter
has any money to speak of so suing us if you don't like something
we do is a waste of time and money.


You are receiving a copy of this newsletter because you signed up
to receive it. You can subscribe or unsubscribe to this
newsletter via your web browser at:


Or you can unsubscribe via email by sending a blank message to


Be sure to send this message from the email account actually
subscribed to the newsletter. If you have trouble unsubscribing
by email, please use the web browser method mentioned above.

If you need to change your subscription to a new email address,
unsubscribe your old email address and subscribe your new email
address. Note that you have to make these changes yourself. Yahoo
Groups does not allow the list owner to make them for you.


The Cauldron and Candle web site contains information on this
newsletter and an archive of back issues.



If you have Pagan friends who you believe would be interested in
Cauldron and Candle please invite them to subscribe. You can
either drop them a note yourself or -- better yet -- send them
one of The Cauldron's email postcards with the information.

You are also welcome to forward a copies of this newsletter to
interested friends and associates provided you forward the entire


Don't forget that your suggestions for this newsletter are always
welcome, either posted on the message board or via email to
LyricFox (lyricfox@ecauldron.GETRIDOFME.com) or Randall Sapphire
(rssapphire00@ecauldron.GETRIDOFME.com). Typos are, as usual,
courtesy of the Goddess Eris.

Return to Cauldron and Candle Archive

Top | Home | Message Board | Site Info & Rules | Report Site Problems
Thanks to Cauldron Sponsors
(Sponsor The Cauldron!)

Cheap Web Hosting Report | Pagan & Magick Supplies
Witchcraft Course
Download Hundreds of Magic Spells