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Cauldron and Candle
Issue #72 -- May 2006

A Publication of The Cauldron: A Pagan Forum
website: http://www.ecauldron.com/
message board: http://www.ecauldron.net/mb/


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C A U L D R O N   A N D   C A N D L E  #72 -- May 2006

           A Publication of The Cauldron: A Pagan Forum
                website: http://www.ecauldron.com/
            message board: http://www.ecauldron.net/mb/
             newsletter: http://www.ecauldron.com/cnc/
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In this Issue:

[00] Editorial Notes
[01] Cauldron News
   * New Sunday Night Chat: The Gardnerian's Garden
   * For "Members-Only"
[02] Cauldron Discussions
[03] Pagan Announcements
   * Desert Moon Update
[04] Book Reviews:
   * The Oestara Anthology of Poetry
   * Urban Santeria
[05] Articles
   * Reflections on Old Guard Paganism
   * Twenty Popular Herbs and Their Uses
[06] Flamekeeping: The Flame
[07] Software Gadgets: The Column
   * Recipe Center -- Powerful Freeware Recipe Database
   * eSnips -- Online Storage and Social Network
   * Scarabay -- Portable Password Manager
[08] Grimoire: Spell to Create Calmness and Aid Concentration
[09] Pagan Webmaster: Website Accessibility - Proper Navigation
[10] Recipe: Chicken Enchilada Casserole
[11] Support The Cauldron
[12] Newsletter Information
              (Including How To Subscribe/Unsubscribe)

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Welcome to the first May 2006 issue of Cauldron and Candle.
You are receiving this issue because you subscribed. To learn how
to unsubscribe, see the last section of this newsletter.

So far, our experiment with two issues of Candle and Candle a
month seems to be working. We are always in need of articles and
announcements for this newsletter -- and for our web site. Our
new Article Library section is proving to be very popular. It is
also very easy for us to publish articles to. After proofing, we
can usually publish an article in about 5 minutes. This compares
with 30 to 60 minutes under our old system. This means we would
really love to have your articles both is newsletter and The
Cauldron's web site.

Randall Sapphire
Editor and Publisher, Cauldron and Candle
Co-Host, The Cauldron: A Pagan Forum

========= by The Cauldron: A Pagan Forum Staff

===== New Sunday Night Chat: The Gardnerian's Garden

On Walpurgisnacht (Sunday, April 30, 2006) Sine, our staff
Gardnerian, began hosting  a regular weekly chat (every Sunday at
10pm EDT) in our Flash Chat rooms. The chat focus will be,
surprisingly, on the topic of traditional Wicca -- but
conversation will not be confined to that subject.  All are
welcome; regular Cauldron chat rules apply.  Look for a room
labeled "The Gardnerian's Garden" in our Flash Chat area.

To reach the Flash Chat area, log on to The Cauldron's message
board and select "chat" from the top menu.  Then select "Flash
Chat" on the next screen. The Flash Chat area will appear in your
browser. You'll need to log in with your message board user name
and password.

===== For "Members-Only"

The top menu line of The Cauldron's Message board has been
reorganized slightly. When you are logged in to our message
board, you'll notice that the "Games" and "Extras" menus have
been replaced by a "Members-Only" menu. All the member's only
features from both the old Games and Extras menus are there -- as
are new features such as:

Global Mosaic -- Create a Mosaic image with people from around
   the world with just your browser to drag and drop tiles.

Gamehouse Games -- Online and downloadable Games from Gamehouse.
   Lots of fun games to play online. If you buy a downloadable
   game, TC gets a cut. Your editor has the downloadable versions
   of Jewel Quest, Tradewinds 2, and Big Kahuna Reef and really
   enjoys them. The online versions are somewhat less complex,
   but still fun.

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========= Recent Discussion Topics on our Message Board

In an average month, over 200 new discussion topics are started
on The Cauldron's message board. Here are a few of the more
interesting recent discussions. It's not too late to join in.

Thanks to Bloglet, you can now receive an email every night on
days we post new site news items to the main page of The
Cauldron's web site. These emails contain a link to the new item
and the first couple of lines of the news text. You can sign up
for Bloglet's free news delivery via the form at the end of the
site "News and Updates" section of The Cauldron's main web page.

===== Trusting a 'gut instinct'?

What are you views on so called 'gut instincts'? When deep inside
you just know the truth behind something, even if it leads you to
be called crazy by other people.

I am not so much talking about faith or religion, more the deep
seated knowledge that, despite all indications to the contrary,
and despite the fact that friends and family may ridicule you
and/or want you to be committed, you just 'know' that your truth
is THE truth... I would be interested in knowing your views on
the value of 'gut instinct'.

* Read (or join in) this discussion:

===== Gods: Local or Universal?

Some folks believe that gods are bound by geography (e.g. having
dominion over a particular mountain or stream). Some folks
believe that gods are universal, that is to say, they can reach
and interact with followers all over the world.

What do you think? Are gods local or universal? Or are some local
only, and some universal? Do some universal gods hold special
powers related to geography?

* Read (or join in) this discussion:

===== Vengence and/or Revenge?

We had a thread about forgiveness and I thought we should flip
the coin a bit and look at our views on vengeance... revenge...
payback. Call it what you will, some folks are good at it, some
people never do it.

My current faith-path does not prevent me from taking
revenge/vengeance on someone who has grievously injured me.
Sometimes I feel it is necessary. I guess I am of a basically
violent nature, but also I know that actual violence is not
always necessary to exact revenge. Sometimes a well-timed phone
call can do the deed.

There is the question of righteous vengeance... which seems to be
the mindset of most national governments when they go to war --
or the mindset of religious extremists when they strap on a bomb
and wade into a crowded restaurant.

What's your take on revenge/vengeance/payback? Is it prohibited
your own beliefs or your faith? Is it okay (up to a point)? How
do your personal feelings/thoughts on it conflict or agree with
your faith-path?

* Read (or join in) this discussion:

===== Ritual Madness?

Does your religion have a place for madness? Do you think such a
thing is required? Optional? Desirable?

If you do have ritual madness, why and how? If not, why not?

(By ritual madness, I mean things like Bacchanalia .. everyone
getting drunk and having no rules for the day).

* Read (or join in) this discussion:

===== Religious and Ritual Use of Psychoactive Substances

In the last couple of years here at the Cauldron I have
frequently seen negative or dismissive comments in relation to
the religious or ritual use of psychoactives. Given their well
documented and long-standing pre-modern use in these contexts, I
was wanting to know if people here feel that the experiences
facilitated by these substances are somehow less
important/valid/meaningful/real than those brought on by other
environmental factors, such as drumming, chanting, meditation,
ritual, etc.?

BTW: I realise that these substances are subject to abuse. I am
talking here specifically of the use of these substances within a
defined and intentional setting. Not where religion is just an
excuse for getting high.

* Read (or join in) this discussion:

===== Forgiveness

Where did the idea of forgiveness originate?

My first and main exposure to the concept was within the
Christian paradigm where you forgave everyone whether they asked
for that forgiveness or not.

How do you deal with this issue in relationship to your path? To
your upbringing?

* Read (or join in) this discussion:

===== Bound by Your Word?

How do you deal with your personal sense of honor?

A personal example: you give your word to do something while in a
relationship, then the relationship goes south. Do you feel
obligated by your word, or do you feel that in the bounds of a
relationship if the other person reneges you are allowed to
renege on your word?

Do you allow yourself to justify things like this? Or are you
hard on yourself about it?

* Read (or join in) this discussion:

===== Ritual: Memorization vs Reading

Sometimes rituals, worship, etc. involve just kind of saying
whatever feels right, whatever comes to mind. But sometimes one
wants to be sure something specific is said in a specific way, or
wants to use something someone else has written. Either way, the
words are written out beforehand and should be repeated more or
less exactly as written when the time comes.

When this happens, do you prefer to bring a copy of the words
into the ceremony with you and read it, or do you prefer to
memorize? Why do you prefer the method you do? If you memorize,
is it important to get every word exactly right or is it enough
to simply be sure you're close and retain the meaning?

(And I do realize that not everyone will even ever use prewritten
material. These questions are directed specifically at those who
do, or might in the future if they don't already.)!

* Read (or join in) this discussion:


===== Desert Moon Update

[Desert Moon is a group of Pagan members of the US Military in
Iraq. Regardless of whether or not you support the US War in
Iraq, the military people in Iraq deserve our support. No one
wants to see another Vietnam where the soldiers sent to fight
that unpopular war were treated like dirt by everyone else.

This is a (slightly edited to grammar and personal details)
message from Eric of Desert Moon sent to one of our forum members
involved in support for Pagan soldiers.]

Hello everyone, our email list has grown by leaps and bounds and
we have picked up 70 new sponsors and communities to support us.

I'm sending out to you all our updated wish list which some of
you already have. Whatever surplus this group has I will
distribute out throughout Iraq to other groups and Soldiers that
are in need. There's no such thing as surplus in a situation such
as this.

We are still fighting to get a tent and a place to set up
permanently but that situation is improving daily as we gain
ground in the political fight. My Bn Chaplain will be here next
week from Mosul and may be able to help me in that struggle as
well. We still get the occasional rainstorm but for the most part
days are hot and dry and the snakes are coming out in force which
is a danger to us here.

One concern I want to bring to all your attention is with one of
our new sponsors, her name is Gail and her store has been run out
of town, it is a severe case of religious persecution and she is
about to lose a lot of money and a lot of merchandise destroyed.
If you all could send her energy of healing and strength I would
greatly appreciate it.

We are prepping for Beltane in the midst of guard duty, details,
and general work load. One of our females has started writing for
www.globalgoddess.org if you wish to check them out, I still
write for Moon Shadows at www.mnshadows.com and also
www.paganpages.org along with one of my other Soldiers SPC Grant.

Thank-you all for all your support, it touches us all and I know
my members of Desert Moon will walk away from this deployment
deeply touched and knowing Pagan civilians love their Pagan
troops. Anyone who knows people who just want email pals feel
free to give them this email address ( medicyne_eagle@yahoo.com )
and I will respond and pass out email addresses of the other
Soldiers. For those that also would like to check out my
Stateside Grove Forest Moon  the link is
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/forestmoongrove/  the board there
is always active for the most part as I don't have to be there
physically to run it, It's self-sufficient but is slow on a local
level. Its more of an international group of support and advice
for those that need it. A lot of wise people on that board.

We are also in the process of building a website for Desert Moon
with a section for Forest Moon so if any of my stores that
sponsor us wish to banner off the site let me know and will do
that once its complete. Anyone getting this update on my list
that doesn't know how you got on it and wishes to be removed
please also let me know as I don't wish to offend or upset

I will be planning on my next articles for the magazines and
working on the website as well in the next few days and weeks as
well. We are planning on having a 5 year reunion for all the
Desert Moon Soldiers to be held at Circle Sanctuaries PSG in 2010
you can check them out at www.circlesanctuary.org Shall close for
now hope this finds you all well and Bright Blessings.


Most of The Cauldron's book reviews are now written by Mike
Gleason. If you would like to contact Mike with comments about
his reviews (or about books you would like to have reviewed), you
can email Mike at:



The Oestara Anthology of Poetry
published 2005 by Book Surge Publishing
ISBN 1419615246
132 pages Trade Paperback
$12.99 (U.S.)

I've been interested in Pagan poetry ever since a friend and I
published a small-run Pagan magazine for a few years.  I've also
been disappointed by the lack of Pagan poetry books being
produced in this country.  So, when I saw this book offered, I
had to request a copy.  Now, I am by no means a poet.  Nor am I
particularly addicted to poetry.  Having made that clear I have
to say that I really enjoyed this work.  It is available from
www.oestarapublishing.com as either a printed book or as an e-
book.  Since I am addicted to printed works, I have added this
one to my collection.

My one regret about this work is that the odds are it will be
overlooked by far too many people.  Perhaps this review can help
that situation.

There are a number of poets represented in this collection (about
20 or so). The poems range from very short to fairly long and
range in topics.  They were submitted to a poetry contest offered
by the publishing company that brought out this collection.  The
judges include a Wiccan Priest who is also a trained musician; an
actor who includes being an English teacher and being in the
corps de ballet at the Chicago Ballet among her experiences; and
a theater major and author with an extensive background in poetry

They have presented a wide variety of poetic forms (linked haiku,
villanelle, rondeau, sonnet and free verse) and an impressive
number of poems (67).  If you can't find something in this
collection that speaks to your soul ask yourself these two
questions:  First - Are you sure you're Pagan? And second - Are
you sure you have a pulse?

Enjoy this collection.  I did.  And I hope there are more to

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Urban Santeria: New World Magic for Urban and Suburban
by Medicine Hawk Milburn
Published  2006 by Three Moons Media
ISBN 0972516484
298 pages Trade Paperback
$14.99  (U.S.)

I have to warn folks that this is a long review. It consists of
two parts. The first part of the review was written before I even
delved into the book. It consists of my impressions based upon
the "blurb" on the back cover, since that is what a lot of people
use to decide if they will buy a book. If you are not interested
in those perceptions, you may skip to the plainly marked second
part of the review, dealing with the book itself.


The back cover gives a capsule history of what Santeria is and
where it came from. It invites you to find out "who your orisha
parents are and how they can help you." That certainly is
laudable, but presents me with a minor problem. I remember
discovering my Orisha parents during an Asiento. I also sat in
while my wife had the experience at a later Asiento. In both
cases there was some question as to the identification of our
parents. Considering that this determination was being made by an
experienced Babalwo, I have to question such an identification
being made by an inexperienced individual.

The back cover then goes on to explain that the book contains
sections on how Santeria applies "to modern situations and
environments with high population density." No problems there.

But then it continues "The spells and meditations are clearly
presented for maximum success, with easily obtainable ingredients
and even "trouble shooting" advice." Oops, that makes it appear
that Santeria is a brand of "kitchen witchery." Where is the
religious aspect, which is so important?

The final paragraph, however, gives me the longest pause. In its
entirety it reads "Santeria and its benefits are for everyone who
approaches life with honest intent. The user of this manual need
not be initiated, only sincere." That smacks, to me, of giving a
loaded weapon to someone who has no familiarity with it and
assuring them they will be fine as long as they are sincere. That
is an accident, if not a disaster, waiting to happen.

Maybe the back cover was written by an overly enthusiastic copy
editor who didn't take the time to fully familiarize him- herself
with the contents of the book.


Far be it from me to question anyone who follows more than one
path (Dr. Wilburn acknowledges Native American medicine path,
Wicca and Santeria). Being both a Witch and a member of the
Santeria I undoubtedly share some of the same experiences that he
has had. However, I must take exception to his omission of animal
sacrifice. I know it is a touchy subject, and is very politically
incorrect but if the orisha are expecting their "normal" offering
and you don't give it to them, I really don't know what would

Following the author's suggestion, I read the Appendices first to
acquaint myself with what they had to say.

Appendix I deals with sacred animals. Most of them are ones which
are logical based on my knowledge of the orisha, even if they
aren't the ones which commonly come to min.

Appendix II is urban blessings. I found them not only
appropriate, but very beneficial.

Appendix III is "Orisha Mamba Mantras," and consists of praises
and "invokings" of the orisha in an urban environment. They are
short and easy to remember.

Appendix IV is about syncretization, which in the past was a
survival tool for Santeria. It involves seeing the orisha in
other forms - classically as Roman Catholic saints. Dr. Wilburn
has taken this opportunity to combine his experience in Wicca
(and the larger Pagan community) and connect the orisha to other
mythologies. To my way of thinking, this listing (although by no
means exhaustive) is invaluable.

Appendix V lists "birthdays" for some of the orisha with a
recommendation of where to find more information. The only
problem with it is that the source for further information is one
which many in the faith have difficulty agreeing with.

Appendix VI is about food sacred to the orisha. Dr. Wilburn
suggests adding them to you diet (assuming they don't offer a
medical or dietary difficulty) to draw closer to the orisha.

Appendix VII is a correlation of the orisha and the charkas.

Appendix VIII is about a Santerian "Lent," or abstaining from
certain foods for a specified period of time.

Appendix IX correlates the orisha with U.S. coinage - mostly the
state commemorative quarters.

Appendix X consists of easy-to-understand pronunciations of the
names of the orisha, which will be quite valuable to those
unfamiliar with the orisha.

Finally there are glossaries. The first is a Spanish to English
glossary. Considering that the largest number of Santeria
practitioners are of Hispanic descent, and most of the
ingredients used in the spell work are sold in botanicas, this is
a valuable item to have. Finally, there is an Urban Santeria

Now it was time to move into the body of the book, and I honestly
wasn't sure what to expect. I was, quite honestly, prepared to
find a "fluffy" version of Santeria, but was pleasantly
surprised. Topics which I was afraid were going to be white-
washed were addressed fairly early in the book.

The first section of this book is devoted to relating the orisha
to a modern environment. There are identifications for 18
orishas. While that does not begin to exhaust the list of orisha,
it certainly covers all of the more common ones, and a few fairly
uncommon ones. For the general reader's information the most
common omorisha (children of the orisha) are Chango, Yemaya,
Obatala, and Oshun followed by Eleggua and Ogun.

Dr. Wilburn does make a few rather unorthodox suggestions in the
next section, but since that is the premise of the book, I wasn't
shocked or surprised by that fact. It is when he gets into
"Orisha Pet Dedication" that he is most likely to find objections
to his work. Most Santeros I know accept the fact that,
periodically, animals must be sacrificed. Dr. Wilburn offers an
alternative to this practice which, to its credit, is at least
better than the remark I heard one alleged Santero make about
substituting fruits and flowers when animal sacrifice was
indicated. On a personal level I'm not sure how Dr. Wilburn's
suggestions will be met by the community of Santeria followers,
but he has presented an alternative way of considering things.

The patakis (stories) he relates in each of the ebbos (spells)
are sure to be new to most people, since they involve the orisha
in modern urban environments in place of their usual mythological
surroundings. That enables the average person to relate to them
in ways many would find difficult in the older rural settings of
most familiar patakis.

The ebbos are interesting, to say the least. I'm not sure about
some of them, personally, but give them a try. If they work for
you, go for it.

Overall, I was impressed with this book. That is saying something
considering my preconceptions. I really don't recommend it to
folks who don 't have, at the very least, a passing familiarity
with the culture from which it is derived. I have seen far too
many attempts to "hijack" other cultures without taking the time
to learn about them. The prevailing attitude seems to be that it
is perfectly fine to "mix and match" pantheons and cultures. It
doesn't work that way, and Dr. Wilburn makes no attempt to do so.

If you are interested in this topic go to www.threemoonsmedia.com
(or amazon.com) and get a copy for yourself.

========= ARTICLES

===== by Mike Nichols

'Old Guard Paganism'. The phrase started out as a joke, but then
caught on. This tells us something. It tells us there is a need
for such a term. It also implies its own antithesis, 'New Guard
Paganism'. And it indicates that there is some difference between
the two -- a 'difference that makes a difference' -- and thus
requires differentiating labels. (It should perhaps be noted that
the word 'Paganism' is used in the present context -- however
inaccurately -- to refer to modern Neo-Pagan Witchcraft , or
Wicca. With grave misgivings, I have adopted this usage here.)

The first time I heard the phrase 'Old Guard Pagan' (used as a
pejorative, as I remember) was during the organizing of the first
Heartland Pagan Festival. It seems that the festival was being
organized mainly by 'New Guard Pagans' who felt they were not
getting the anticipated support from the 'Old Guard'. Yet, even
after such misunderstandings were cleared up, the phrase
remained. Why? And what is the line of demarcation? I remember a
discussion I had at the time with a long-time High Priestess and
friend, in which we laughingly concluded that an Old Guard Pagan
was any 'pre-Starhawk' Pagan. (Starhawk's important book, 'The
Spiral Dance' was first published in 1979.) Thus, an Old Guard
Pagan is any pre-1979 Pagan. And yet, seniority alone couldn't be
the difference -- although it might account for many differences.
(It is interesting to note that Starhawk's book is responsible
for a massive influx of people into feminist traditions of Wicca,
and this shift in focus may likewise account for key

I suppose it's time for a bit of a disclaimer on my part. By the
preceding definition, I myself am an Old Guard Pagan, having
become a Witch in 1970. Thus, my views may be consequently biased
toward the Old Guard. Still, I don't intend for this essay t o
degenerate into shaking my cane at novices and using words like
'whipper-snapper' and 'scalliwag'. On the contrary, I enjoy
working with novices and have taught a beginner's Witchcraft
course for the past 18 years. No, my real goal here is to examine
what I believe to be real and profound differences in attitudes
concerning certain key issues between the two groups. Hopefully,
this will lead to greater understanding and tolerance on the part
of both.

In the following passages, I've tried to distill the differences
between Old and New Guard Paganism, presenting them as strict
dichotomies. However, bear in mind the vagaries that must
accompany all such generalizations and the exceptions that will
inevitably be cited.

=== Few Vs. Many

Even today, with a substantial Pagan community for support, a
newcomer often feels insecure, frightened, and alone when
rejecting the religious training of childhood in favor of
Paganism. Imagine then, how much more insecure, frightened and
alone an Old Guard Pagan would have felt, with literally no one
to support such a decision. In fact, no one to talk to at all.
When I first became a Witch, I knew of no other Witches anywhere.
For all I knew, I was the first human being in centuries to make
such a conscious choice. And this, I found, was typical of most
Old Guard Pagans.

=== Resistance Vs. Acceptance

Naturally, only those of extraordinary courage and perception
would make such a choice back then. Not only because they assumed
they were choosing a solitary path, but also because they were
sure to encounter active resistance -- if not outright hostility.
Today, of course, Witches have appeared on Phil Donahue, Oprah
Winfrey, Geraldo Rivera, and other national TV and radio shows,
and the general populace is becoming more educated and, if not
totally accepting, at least more tolerant.

=== Secrecy Vs. Openness

But before such positive media PR, most Old Guard Pagans learned
quickly to 'keep themselves to themselves'. Usually, there was no
one to talk with anyway, and when there was, it was someone
trying to dissuade you from your choice. Thus, most Old Guard
Pagans are more inclined to secrecy concerning their involvement
than New Guard Pagans.

=== Inaccessible Vs. Accessible Information

For Old Guard Pagans, information was hard won indeed. There were
no Starhawk's or Margot Adler's back then -- no one to neatly
organize and systematize the beliefs of Pagans. There were
instead books by Sybil Leek, Paul Huson, Leo Martello, and Lady
Sheba (at best), and books by Hans Holzer and Louise Huebner (at
worst). And there were the historical tomes of Murray, Thorndike,
Robbins, and others, as well as the disorganized 'linking' work
of Gardner, Leland, and a few more. And there was no one to tell
you which book was worthwhile and which wasn't -- so you read
them all! Typically, an Old Guard Pagan has read (and owns!) a
small library of books on Paganism. And, back then, if you hadn't
read the classics (like Murray and Gardner) then you weren't
taken very seriously by other Pagans. By contrast, many New Guard
Pagans feel that reading one or two books (usually Adler and
Starhawk) is quite sufficient. One unfortunate result is that
Adler's or Starhawk' s version of Paganism is taken as the
'standard' by the New Guard, which is far from the case.

=== Solitary Vs. Coven

Old Guard Pagans used to dream of the day they might meet another
real Witch, or maybe even (ecstacy of ecstacies!) an entire
Coven! Meanwhile, there was nothing to do but continue studying
and practicing alone, as a 'solitary'. Th is meant that, since
Old Guard Pagans studied and practised the Craft in relative
isolation, they developed strong individual concepts about it, an
inner sense of theology, and the ability to use ritual and magic
effectively alone. By contrast, New Guard Pagans are often
introduced to other Pagans before being introduced to PaganISM.
Their first experiences are group-oriented (Would you like to
come to a Circle?), and the group continues to define Paganism
for the novice. Without going through a solitary phase, most New
Guard Pagans never develop a strong personal sense of what
Paganism means. Worse, when asked to perform magic or rituals on
their own, they are brought to a complete standstill, since all
their experience has been with groups.

=== Long Vs. Short Period Of Training

Even for the Old Guard Pagan who had managed to find a Coven to
join, it was only the beginning of an even longer period of
intensive training -- 'a year and a day' was the standard
minimum. During this time, the novice might be apprenticed to any
number of members of the Coven, to learn what they had to teach.
At the end of that time, the candidate may or may not be judged
ready for initiation. By contrast, New Guard Pagans are often
introduced to Paganism and invited to join their first rituals in
the same breath (often at Pagan 'festivals'). From the Old Guard
point of view, this is not only wrong but actually dangerous! A
person who is untrained in handling magical power has no business
inside a magic circle -- for their own sake, and the sake others

=== Join Vs. Create A Coven

Naturally, the Old Guard Pagan would much prefer to join a pre-
existing Coven -- the older the better. Only then could there be
centuries-old secrets passed down through oral tradition for the
novice to learn! The New Guard Pagan seems to care nothing for
this. It is enough to gather a small group of people interested
in Paganism, and start your own group. From the Old Guard
perspective, this makes as much sense as a novice mountain-
climber being taken on his first climb by a group of rank
beginners as green as he is!

=== One Vs. Many Covens

You may also be sure that an Old Guard Pagan is only going to
belong to a single Coven. By contrast, New Guard Pagans often
join as many Covens as will have them, collecting initiations as
though they were stamps. (This is also a mark of New Guard
Covens, because an Old Guard Coven would never consider
initiating someone who is already a member of another Coven.)

=== Initiatory Vs. Non-Initiatory

And, of course, initiation was the ultimate goal of most Old
Guard Witches -- the one moment of transformation that all the
training led up to -- the final reward for years of difficult
study, work and devotion -- both alone and in the group. Most New
Guard Pagans don't believe in initiations, since they claim (and
they are often right!) that there is no one in the group more
advanced than themselves.

=== Respect For Elders Vs. None

This may come the closest to sounding like cane-shaking, but it
follows logically from the previous passage. Most Old Guard
Pagans would tend to assume that someone who has been a
practising Pagan for more years than they have, has more
knowledge and experience to draw on, and consequently more to
teach. And unless situations prove otherwise, these Elders
deserve our respect. New Guard Pagans, often feeling that Elders
must first 'earn' their respect, do not seek out the wisdom of
the older generations of Witches. The unfortunate result is the
loss of much valuable legend and lore.

=== Traditional Vs. Eclectic

Granted, there is no such thing as a 'pure' uncontaminated
tradition of the Craft, stretching back to the dawn of time. Nor
would such a case be necessarilydesirablee, even if it could be
found. Every tradition has borrowed fro m outside sources and is
eclectic to some extent. Yet, while Old Guard Pagans often work
to preserve their own traditions, New Guard Pagans are often
deliberately eclectic, with a wonderful disregard of cultural
heritage. The advantage of being eclectic is that it doesn't
require much work, in the way of research. The disadvantage is
that one often becomes 'jack of all trads, master of none'.

=== Skeptical Vs. Uncritical

Perhaps because of the value Old Guard Pagans place on
traditional forms of magic and divination, they are very often
skeptical of new forms. For example, you won't find many Old
Guard Pagans going in for the current fad of quartz crystals. In
fact, Old Guard Pagans will likely point out that there have been
no controlled experiments concerning the psychic property of
crystals, that there is no historical precedent for such beliefs,
that the use of crystals by Native Americans has been overstated
and misrepresented, and that other precious and semi-precious gem
stones are traditionally just as effective. New Guard Pagans,
however, are often not far removed from New Age Pagans, and go in
for everything from crystals, to channeling, toUFOss, without
much hint of critical evaluation.

=== Religious Vs. Social Reason For Joining

This is perhaps the single most important difference that exists
between the two groups, and it could well account for many other
differences. For many Old Guard Pagans, there could be no social
reason for becoming a Pagan, since Pagans were so few and far
between that most of us didn't know any other Pagans anywhere!
New Guard Pagans, on the other hand, often become involved in
Paganism for purely social reasons. One has the feeling they need
the security of being in the SCA, or some other form of surrogate
extended family. Not that such a need isn't valid. But if social
reasons are the primary motivation for becoming a Pagan, it marks
a significant break from the Old Guard, whose motivation was
chiefly religious. Perhaps that is why Old Guard Pagans are often
a bit isolationist, and are quite happy with a fragmented,
insular Pagan community. In fact, Old Guard Pagans tend to look
with grave suspicion on the 'calls to unity' -- to create a
homogeneous Pagan community -- that one often hears coming from
New Guard Pagans.

=== Religious Vs. Political Reasons For Joining

Similar to the passage above, this again deals with one's primary
motivation for becoming a Pagan. For Old Guard Pagans, being
political was something that grew out of one's religious ideas.
But, just as there is much variance in Old Guard Paganism, so too
there is much variance in Old Guard politics. From my own
friends, I can cite Old Guard Pagans who run the gamut from
Socialist to Libertarian. This same political diversity is
noticeably absent in New Guard Paganism, with most New Guard
Pagans sticking to the same party line. Also, there is
lesstolerancee of Pagans who diverge from that party line. More
stress is placed on being 'politically correct'.

=== Religious Vs. Feminist Reasons For Joining

Finally, many Old Guard Pagans have become feminists as a result
of their Pagan beliefs. By contrast, many New Guard Pagans are
Pagans as a result of their feminist beliefs. Once more, it's a
question of which takes precedent. And although it may seem like
the final result would be the same, such is not the case. Pagans
who come to Paganism via feminism are often separatists, Goddess
monotheists, anarchists, distrustful of both structure and
authority, insisting on such ideas as consensus political forms,
rotating High Priestesses (often without High Priests at all),
and other non-traditional Coven structures. (Often, such groups
disdain to use the word 'Coven' and simply refer to their
'Circles'.) The perennial problems that plague such groups (the
lack of focus, the inability to set goals, the endless
personality clashes and power plays, and the fact that nothing
ever gets done) come as no surprise. Much of this would be
unthinkable to Old Guard Pagans, who would no more rotate the
position of High Priestess in their Coven than they would rotate
the position of mother in their family. (The New Guard attitude
toward authority arises, I believe, from a healthy mistrust of it
as it is typically used (abused) in patriarchal society. This
perception is particularly acute among feminists. What it fails
to consider is how authority may be used positively in a

=== Non- Vs. Proselytizing

For an Old Guard Pagan, the idea of saying to someone 'Would you
like to join our Coven?' or 'Would you like to become a Witch?'
would have been unthinkable. Proselytizing was one of the most
detested aspects of the religious tradition (usually Christian)
being left behind. Those groups who actively recruit members
were, to the Old Guard, groups to be shunned at all costs.
Witchcraft is not the one, right, and only religion. In fact, it
probably appeals only to a select few. And those few exhibit
their courage and sincerity when they seek out a Coven or a
tradition. When a Coven seeks them out instead (Won't you please
join our Circle tonight?), there is no gauge of the novice's
devotion. Perhaps that is why the 'drop-out' rate is much higher
for New Guard than Old Guard. (Other mystery traditions, such as
the Freemasons, strictly forbid a member to ask an outsider if
they would like to join.)

Lest one conclude that there are only differences between Old and
New Guard Pagans, let me mention a few things they seem to have
in common. First, there is magic -- both in its frequency of use,
and what it is used for. Second, the use of drugs by modern
Witches has always been a minority position, and seems to remain
so. Third, the times of celebration and festival, appointed by
the seasons and the phases of the moon, seem constant (although
New Guard Pagans often employ inappropriate names for the
holidays). So, while there are differences, there is common
ground as well.

If the remarks you overhear made by Old Guard Pagans (and the
remarks made in this essay!) seem slightlypetulantt, tinged with
sibling rivalry, it is not to be wondered at. The Old Guard Pagan
is in the position of older brother or sister of the family. They
often feel, quite justifiably, that the things which they had to
fight Mom and Dad so hard for, are now being handed to the
younger brother or sister on a silver platter. They feel that
since their freedoms and privileges were so hard won, they value
them more. They often feel that the younger siblings do not
appreciate all the things the older siblings have done to make
such freedoms possible. And, of course, they are right. Such will
always be the way of the world -- the march of generations.
Still, the thing to remember about sibling rivalry is that,
underneath it all, we are siblings; we are brothers and sisters,
whatever forms may divide us; we are all sons and daughters of
the Great Mother.

=== About the Author

This article was written by Mike Nichols for his BBS around 1988.
It circulated around the Pagan BBS world at the time.[This
article may be reproduced and distributed exactly as is, without
further permission of the author, provided it is offered free of
charge. Changes in the text, however, must be approved in advance
by the author.]

Origin: The MAGICK LANTERN BBS Kansas City, MO 816/531-7265

===== Twenty Popular Herbs and Their Uses
===== by Carol Miller

Following is a selection of herbs that can be used for making
teas, culinary purposes, pot-pourris or for decorative drying

LADY'S MANTLE (Alchemilla mollis) -- This beautiful plant looks
absolutely lovely growing in the garden and is a hardy perennial
that can be propagated by division in the spring or autumn. The
flowers can be preserved with the air-drying method or the
glycerine method. They are very popular in fresh or dried flower
bouquets or posies. Small sprays of the flowers can be pressed
for flower work. The leaves, when applied to the skin, make a
great skin tonic after they have been infused and chilled in the
refrigerator. Or, infuse the whole plant and drink as a medicinal
tea to help relieve symptons of diarrhoea or menopausal

WORMWOOD (Artemisia absinthium) or SOUTHERNWOOD (Artemisia
abrotanum) -- Both these hardy plants are easy to grow and can be
propagated from cuttings in early autumn. The silvery foliage is
very attractive in the garden and can also be used in fresh
flower posies or pressed or dried flower arrangements. The
leaves, when dried, can be used in pot-pourris or in anti-moth

RUE (Ruta graveolens) -- A hardy evergreen shrub; propagate by
division in spring or from cuttings in early autumn. For
decorative purposes, dry the seed heads. The leaves can be either
pressed or glycerined. Rue looks very attractive in the garden
and is used for fresh tussie-mussies. It can also be used in
small amounts for cooking and works very well in anti-moth

COTTON LAVENDER (Santolina chamaecyparissus) -- Another hardy
evergreen shrub that will give some silver color to the borders
of a garden. Propagate from cuttings through the summer and early
autumn. One shrub that is particularly pretty is "Lemon Queen".
Rather than the normal bright yellow color of most other
varieties, it has a cream-colored flower. Another variety worth
mentioning is Santolina neapolitana, because of the very
attractive foliage. This herb can be used fresh, dried or pressed
for decorative purposes and is also used in pot-pourris and anti-
moth sachets.

FEVERFEW (Chrysanthemum parthenium) -- A hardy perennial that
will seed itself profusely or cuttings and division can be done
also. One variety in particular that will give a bright color to
any garden is "Aureum". This plant has bright lime-green leaves
and when the flowers are dried, they can be used in pot-pourris.
The leaves may be infused for tea and may help migraine

HOP (Humulus lupulus) -- This is a hardy and beautiful climbing
plant when trailing up a fence, garden arbor or any other form.
The flowers and leaves are used in arrangements, garlands or
swags and the female flowers for making beer. Pillows made of Hop
are also considered to aid in sleeping. It is also said that tea
made from the infusion of the flowers and a little honey has a
calming effect and helps with hangovers.

HEATHER (Calluna vulgaris) -- A hardy shrub requiring very little
maintenance and is especially pretty in the garden when they
flower. Heather can be dried but is much better when preserved in
glycerine. Useful in dried decorative arrangements or pot-
pourris. The young heather tips can be infused for a tea and may
be helpful for skin or complexion problems.

CLOVE PINK (Dianthus caryophyllus) -- A perennial but will be
short-lived where there are fierce frosts. Propagate from stem
cuttings taken in the spring. Although there are many other
varieties, "Doris" has a lovely perfume. Preserve flowers in
silica gel for decorations or pot-pourris or air dry for
arrangements. The flowers are great for making floral vinegars,
jams or wines and can be infused in wine as a nerve tonic.

LAVENDER (Lavandula angustifolia) -- A hardy evergreen shrub that
is a must for every garden and is at its best when flowering.
Easily propagated from stem cuttings in spring or autumn. There
are many types to choose from. "Hidcote" is a dark purple variety
with "Alba" being white in contrast. Another variety, having
interesting shapes, is French lavender (Lavandula stoecbas).
Lavender has a great many uses. For instance, in the kitchen for
lavender vinegars, oils and mustards, in pot-pourris and sachets.
The oil is a very good antidote for insect bites, stings and
burns. Add a few drops to your bathwater and have a relaxing

BORAGE (Borago officinalis) -- A hardy annual that self-seeds but
may have to grow new plants each year. You may press the flowers
but the leaves do not dry very well. Crystallize the flowers for
cake decorating and try mixing the leaves in soft cheeses or for
decoration of food dishes.

MINT (Mentha) -- There are a large variety of mints, all of which
are hardy perennials. They are propagated from root division or
cuttings and will take over your garden. It is suggested that
they be planted in pots or bags that have been sunken into the
earth in order to contain their roots. Mint is most popular in
the kitchen for jams and sauces as an accompaniment for roast
lamb. Also used to flavor potatoes, carrots and peas. Teas made
from mint have a very relaxing effect and can be used to help
relieve colds. Use as a hair rinse to relax the scalp or in
pilliows. Some of the more common mints are peppermint,
spearmint, applemint, pennyroyal and lemon balm. All can be used
in herbal posies.

ROSEMARY (Rosmarinus officinalis) -- A hardy evergreen perennial
that likes a sunny spot and can be propagated from cuttings. Also
best for culinary uses especially with lamb, pork or vegetables.
Use in pot-pourris or infused in tea to help digestion or use in
the bathwater for an invigorating effect. Oil of rosemary, when
diluted, can be used as a final hair rinse. Rosemary turns a
greyish color when glycerined.

COSTMARY or ALECOST (Chrysanthemum balsamita) -- A hardy
perennial that likes full sun. Divide in spring or autumn. This
was once used in beer but now it has become more popular for use
in flavoring vegetables, poultry or wild game. Used in pot-
pourris, is an insect repellent and will add fragrance to your
wash water or linens.

THYME (Thymus) -- An evergreen shrub poropagated from cuttings or
seed. Use in fresh posies for their aroma or for culinary
purposes. Also used as a soothing tea for chest pains or as an
aid for sleeping. When dried, can be used in pot-pourris, as a
facial steam for clear complexions, in stocks, marinades and

ROSE (Rosa) -- Hardy shrubs bought as plants or propagated from
curttings in the autumn. There are many very beautiful colors and
varieties and a must for every garden. Use in fresh or dried
arrangements or pot-pourris. Petals can be used in salads or
crystallized for decorations. The hips are used in teas, wines,
cordials and jams or a tonic called "Rosewater" which aids dry
and mature skins.

LEMON VERBENA (Aloysia triphylla) -- A half hardy shrub but
frosts will kill it in winter if not protected in a greenhouse.
Take dry cuttings in spring. Add dried leaves to pot-pourris or
for adding fragrance to clothing drawers. Great in teas, hot or
iced, and finger bowls. Soak pads in the teas and place on eyes
to help reduce puffiness. Also helps in bronchial and nasal
congestion. Mix it in your favorite apple jelly recipe for a
unique flavor.

FENNEL (Foeniculum vulgaree) -- A hardy perennial divided in the
autumn and seeds itself. Weed out plants when necessary to
prevent it from invading your garden. Do not plant near "dill" as
it could cross-pollinate and ruin the flavor. Air dry flowers or
preserve in glycerine. The flower of the bronze type can be
chewed for a breath sweetener and the seeds and leaves can be
used as a facial steam to deep clean the skin. The teas help
digestion and the leaves may be chopped and sprinkled over
vegetables and fish.

BASIL (Ocimum basilicum) -- An annual and is not the easiest herb
to grow and does not respond to overwatering. Best grown in a pot
indoors or a greenhouse, although, I personally have had some
good luck growing it in my herb garden on the south and sunny
side of my house. The purple variety is very pretty in the garden
and can be used as part of a dried herbal wreath or decoration.
When made into a tea, it has antiseptic qualities for aid in
relieving nausea and is very well known for its culinary uses in
tomato and garlic dishes. It also makes for a very refreshing

CAMOMILE (Chamaemelum nobile) -- A hardy evergreen perennial
propagated from cuttings or by division. The double-flowered
variety "Flore-pleno", when dried, is used in decorations. The
flowers and leaves are used for pot-pourris and when infused can
be used as a hair lightener. Chamomile tea is a very good tonic
and is said to prevent restlessness and nightmares. Place tea
bags on the eyes to reduce puffiness and lighten the shadows.

SCENTED GERANIUMS (Pelargonium) -- Evergreen perennials that must
be moved indoors or into a greenhouse during the winter. Take
cuttings and root them in sand. The different varieties and
scents include lemon, orange, rose and peppermint and are all
very well used in pot-pourris. They can also be used for culinary
purposes such as in jellies, sorbets and syrups. Infuse the
leaves and put into bath bags for an aromatic bath.

=== About the Author

Article written by Carol Miller. For free information on growing
and cultivating various herbs and vegetables, please visit
www.bricabrackorner.com/Vegetables and Herbs.htm.

=========  The Flame
=========  by HeartShadow

HeartShadow is following her own religious path. She calls it
FlameKeeping. This regular column will present articles on
FlameKeeping, many taken from HeartShadow's FlameKeeping blog at:


===== The Flame

We are all a part of the Divine. Sentient and self-aware
projections of the Universe, we are part of a greater Whole, and
yet individual. And we, collectively and individually, are part
of the Divine, and able to change It.

As we improve ourselves, we improve the Flame of all as well.
However, self-improvement can only occur when basic needs are
met. Therefore, to improve the Flame, we must help all have
access to the basic necessities of life: food, clean water,
shelter, and medical care. Those that seek to survive cannot care
for more esoteric things, for they are constrained by survival

When survival needs are met, then we can seek improvement for
ourselves and others. No one has the right to stand between
another person and the fuel for their Flame, or the basic needs
they must fulfill to become able to seek their Flame.
Our Flame burns most brightly through proper fuel, through
feeding our souls as we feed our bodies. We feed our souls
through caring, through love, through creating. Through finding
our passion, and then sharing the results of that passion with
others. And through helping others find fuel for their flames as
well, helping others learn and grow. We all benefit from each
other's Flame's burning brighter.

We are an interdependent species, reliant upon one another for
our very survival. However, we are also separate individuals,
with our own desires and needs. We must learn to nurture our own
Flame while constricting others as little as possible, to let
each Flame burn brightly without inhibiting another. We can, if
we so choose, help everyone achieve their goals. For the first
time in human history, survival to old age does not need to be in
doubt through lack of basic necessities, if we choose to make it

Like any fire, however, we must also be sure to keep it fueled
only by appropriate things, and burning controlled. Simply
desiring something is not enough of a reason to obtain it. We
must school ourselves to feed our souls what is appropriate, what
nurtures us, what helps us grow and become better people. Our
Flame can be bright and warming, nurtured carefully and a joy and
blessing be part of, or a raging forest fire that consumes all
that it touches and brings only destruction.

All which is, is Divine, part of the self-aware Universe. There
is nothing in existence that is profane, no split between the
body and the soul. There is nowhere and nothing but the Universe,
physical and spiritual. That is not to say the physical world is
the sum total of existence. The Universe is bigger than any one
mind could hope to comprehend, and the layers of existence and
possibilities are endless. But there is no beyond to move to, no
better life elsewhere. What is here, is.

Many people speak of "seeking God" and talk of places to look to
find the Divine. And they define God, and place limitations and
strictures upon what God can and cannot do. And people say how
one can and cannot reach the Divine, and where God is and isn't,
and refuse to acknowledge that God may very well choose to ignore
human strictures. In many ways, the defining characteristics of
the Divine is that human strictures are ignored, and that the
Divine is free to all humans, irrespective of social status. We
like to limit what God is, and pretend we know what is and isn't
what the Divine wants of us, and more, of other people. The truth
is that we can only surmise what the Divine wants of us, and work
as hard as we can to be the best we can be. Any rules we try to
place to comfort us, and place sections of our life as safe from
Divine intervention, are doomed to failure.

We all like to believe we're good people, and seek ways to prove
that belief. However, we also all like to be lazy and seek the
easy way out of things. We like scapegoats, villains, a bad guy
that tempts us to do what we already know is wrong. We want to
believe we are good; that someone else is evil and not us. And we
seek to justify those things that we do and we know are wrong,
and find ways to make our transgressions correct while punishing
the transgressions of others.

We need, to become whole individuals, to learn to accept our own
faults and flaws as well as our virtues and abilities. We are
human, we are divine, and we stand wholly responsible for what we
do. The constant struggle to justify, to explain, to create
excuses, only keeps us mired in confusion and sorrow. When we can
truly accept our mistakes, learn from them, and take
responsibility for them, then and only then can we grow beyond
them and cease to make the same mistakes again and again.

This is not an excuse to play the blame game, however. Only we
know the real reasons why we do things, and no one else can
decide what is someone refusing to live up to responsibility. All
the blame game does is make everyone wrong, and confuse the real
issues that people need to deal with on their own.

There is no way to avoid misfortune in our lives. Bad things
happen to everyone, including people that seem to have done
nothing wrong, and our problems are always bigger to ourselves
than other people's problems. However, although our problems are
always biggest to ourselves, it is a falseness of context to
believe that our problems should be as big to other people. The
difference is how misfortune is handled, both in ourselves and
other people. We need to learn to face the vicissitudes of fate
with grace and poise, and to keep from getting knocked down more
than we get back up. The more we glory in our own misfortune, and
label ourselves by our failures, the harder it will be for us to
succeed. And when we glory in the misfortune of others, we simply
lessen ourselves and dim our Flame.

Penance and forgiveness are unpopular concepts today. We want to
believe that what we do is okay, as long as we had a good reason,
and that feeling sorry for our mistakes should be enough. The
truth of the matter is, good intentions only carry so far. Good
acts, repairing ones mistakes, those are the acts of a good
person. We will make mistakes. There is no way to live life
without sometimes making horrible mistakes, either of action or


* What are your flaws? What are your virtues? Which question was
  harder to answer and why?

* What feeds your Flame? What stifles it? Which do you court in
  your life?

* How do you nurture other people’s Flames? Allow your own to be
  nurtured? Do you live in a nurturing environment?

=========  Interesting Items From The Software Gadgets Blog
=========  http://softwaregadgets.gridspace.net/

The Software Gadgets Blog aims to present a different "software
gadget" every weekday. A software gadget is a program or addon
that is both interesting and useful -- and often free. This
column highlights three of the programs listed recently. Many
more were listed and you'll find more gadgets like these added
every week at the Software Gadgets Blog at:



 There are an amazing number of recipe programs available. Most
 are fairly expensive, and all have somewhat different sets of
 features. None seem to have everything my wife wanted, so it was
 hard to justify actually paying for one. Recipe Center is a
 freeware recipe program I discovered today. It doesn't look like
 it will do everything my wife wants either, but it has the
 advantage of being free, so I'm going to ask her to give it a
 try. It has the following features:

    * Create New Recipes: Compile your own recipe collection.
      Uses IntelliSense, a tool that makes suggestion of words to
      use as you key in the letters in Recipe Center Version 5.
      It is very useful when encoding recipes because it makes
      your work faster and more consistent.
    * Import/Export recipes to and from Meal Master
    * Recipe Download: Recipe Center can import thousands of
      recipes from various compatible recipe websites
    * Recipe Resizing: Recalculates the quantity of ingredients
      needed according to your desired yield
    * Advanced Search Filters: Search by multiple recipe name,
      ingredients, keywords, etc.
    * Recipe Card Printing: Print out recipes, with the option to
      attach pictures.
    * Recipe Exchange: Send recipes to your friends by email (PDF
      format, Text format and Recipe Center format)
    * Shopping List: Print your shopping lists based on
      ingredients of selected recipes
    * Unit Conversion Tool: a flexible unit conversion tool to
      convert an extensive list of units of measurements,
      example: 1 cup of strawberry converted into pound, ounces,
      g, or kg
    * Advanced Recipe Encoder: Allows the user to simply cut and
      paste recipes into the program - no need to retype recipe
    * Spell Checker: Spell check your recipe ingredients,
      procedures, shopping list

This program does have one obvious drawback. It is a Microsoft
.NET 1.1 program. This means it only works in Windows 2000 or XP
-- and only if you install the .NET 1.1 framwework (it's free,
but it is a 20 meg download from Microsoft).

Rating: 4.0
Operating System: Windows 2000 and XP
Special Requirement: Microsoft .NET 1.1 Framework
License: Freeware
Price: Free
Version Reviewed: 2005_08_29
Web Site: http://www.recipecentersoftware.com/


Web 2.0 is really just another buzzword used by pundits to refer
to any fancy-looking web-based application they consider new and
cool. Most so-called Web 2.0 applications do not do much for me.
Every once in a while, however, one comes along with a new slant
on things that looks both interesting and useful. eSnips is one
such application. Register for eSnips and you get 1 gig of free
storage space. You can store documents, videos, audio, pictures
-- just about any file you want. You can also store web links and
even snippets of web sites.

So far, eSnips is like any number of other web storage space
sites -- with a bit more space than some. However, eSnips lets
you tag your files with keywords and share them with other users
if you want. If you choose to share a files, you either the
entire world or just a select group. While this combination of
file storage and social networking may sound weird, it is
actually quite useful in practice, both for sharing things with a
small group of family and/friends and for making files available
to the world at large. It's also fun to search through files by
tags and just see what others have found. For example, here is a
link to all the files tagged Nature Wallpapers. You'll note that
you can even leave comments on tags.

eSnip's Terms of Service forbid copyright-violating material --
and I haven't seen a lot of such material on the system, so what
is uploaded in violation of their TOS must get deleted quickly.
Porn is also forbidden and I did not come across any (although I
did not spend much time looking).

Rating: 4 Stars
Price: Free
Web Site: http://www.esnips.com/


It seems like every web site (and even some programs) want you to
have a unique user name and password. Worse, you are expected to
somehow remember all these ids and passwords -- not to mention
which site or program each is associated with. Many people just
write them all down on a list next to their computer. While this
is horrible for security, it is far more realistic for the
average person who lacks the superhuman memory for random sets of
characters that computer security experts stupidly expect people
to have.

A somewhat better way to handle the flood of accounts and
passwords is a password manager program that will store all of
your passwords, user ids, pins, and the like in an encrypted file
that you access with a single password. This reduces the number
of number of passwords that you absolutely have to remember to
one. There are a lot of programs like this available, some pay,
some free. In my opinion there are two key things to look for:

1) easy of use -- the ability to drag passwords from the manager
   to the field on the login form is nice.

2) portability -- the ability to run the program from a CD,
   floppy, or USB stick (as you will not always be at the same

It may surprise you that great cryptographic security is not on
this list. For most people, any cryptographic process is going to
be better than that list taped to the monitor, so I don't list
it. However, if you have the need for high security, you'll
probably want to go with a commercial program who backs up their
claims of security with a corporation to sue if there are

SCARABAY is a freeware password manager that beats both of my
requirements and has many more features:

    Storage of any confidential information (logins, passwords,
    credit card number, ...).
    Data file encryption.
    Creating the password of any complexity with the help of the
    built-in password generator.
    Creating any number of users and data files.
    Create, copy, edit and delete data quick and easy.
    Backup copying and data restoration system.
    Multiple Windows Users.
    One computer -- many users, one user -- many computers.
    User Data (All program and all users data) on Removeable
    Drive: USB keychain, ZIP disk, diskette.
    Program Work and Start: USB keychain, ZIP disk, diskette.
    Change Master (User) Password.
    Data Password protecting.
    Navigate your browser to the login page.
    The software saves all the settings changed by the user.

Rating: 4.0 Stars
        (rated for usage only, not cryptographic abilities)
Operating System: Windows 98+
License: Freeware
Price: Free
Version Reviewed: 2.8
Web Site:http://www.alnichas.info/scarabay.html

========= From the Spell Grimoire:

You need:

White candle
Jasmine or Pine incense
Sprig of sage

This is best performed at night, but it can be done any time of

Light the white candle and the incense stick. Close your eyes and
hold the sage close to your nose, and breathe in its calming
scent. Keep holding it as say:

    Calming powers of sage and pine,
    Add order to this life of mine, (name)
    By the four corners, elements,
    God and Goddess too,
    If this gift seems fit to you,
    Then please grant calmness unto him/me.
    So mote it be, So mote it be.

Repeat as necessary. It works within a day or two.

=== About This Spell

This spell is taken from The Cauldron's Spell Grimoire, a
collection of basic spells available on The Cauldron: A Pagan
Forum's web site. You'll find more spells at:


========= Pagan Webmaster:

 [If you are running -- or thinking of running a web site (Pagan-
 related or not), you will find more articles, reviews, and other
 useful information at the following sites:

 The Cauldron's Pagan Webcrafting
 The Cheap Web Hosting Report
   http://www.cheapwebhostingreport.com/ ]

A very important point to consider while designing a website is
proper navigation. You must ensure that potential clients or
customers are able to find the information they are looking for
without too many clicks. As a quick rule of thumb, visitors to
your site should be able to visit all your pages by using, at
most, 3 clicks. This is also important when considering search
engine optimization (SEO) because search engines will only spider
(or index) pages that are 3 clicks deep into your site. Not only
does proper navigation allow users to find information they are
looking for, but it also allows search engines to spider (or
index) the information they are looking for. This is essential if
you want high quality search engine traffic directed to your

Different types of websites employ different navigation styles,
so it is probably best to visit websites similar to your own to
see which navigation structure they have chosen. The most common
locations for your navigation menu are either on the left side of
the page or at the top of the page. When internet users view a
website, they do so using what is termed as a "Z scan". As soon
as a page loads, most people scan from the top-left, across to
the top-right of the page, then down to the lower-left, and
eventually across to the lower-right of the page. So, it makes
the most sense to locate your navigation menu in the area where
the user is going to first look.

Smaller sites usually only require a static menu on either the
side or top of the page. However, website that contains 10 - 15
topics on different pages may require a drop-down menu. These
menus may use DHTM, _JavaScript, or some other programming
language. When the user's mouse moves over a main topic category,
boxes containing subcategories will drop-down, allowing the user
to quickly find the information they are looking for. I f this
type of menu is used, it is best to also include text-based
navigation in another location on the page. Older browser
versions may not support drop-down menus, and therefore a small
percentage of people may not be able to navigate your website.
Even more important though, is the fact that search engines will
not be able to navigate and index your site if there is no text
based navigation.

Another concern is accessibility by assistive technologies. For
example, blind Internet users literally read the code of your
page. Therefore, if a navigation menu is image based or uses
image maps, alternate text must be used to allow the user to
properly navigate the website. To make things easy, no matter
what type of navigation I choose for a client's website, I always
include text-based navigation links at the bottom of every page
to ensure that they are accessible to all Internet users and
search engine spiders.

A Few Important Tips

* Plan your site navigation structure before designing your
  website to ensure that you are not forgetting any page links.
  It may be cumbersome to fix every page you have created because
  you a missing a link or two.

* The navigation menu must be clean-cut and uniform.

* Do not make the user scroll down the page to see the navigation

* If you have too many links, use drop-down menus or create a
  site map.

* The navigation structure should be flexible enough to allow the
  inclusion of additional links at a later date.

* Use short, clear and concise words in your links so your
  customers know exactly what type of information that page will

* Make sure every page has a link back to your homepage. This can
  be achieved by providing a "Home" link in the navigation
  structure, and / or linking your logo image to the homepage.

* For larger sites, breadcrumb trails can be used to let the user
  know what section of the website they are in. For example, at
  the top of a certain page, the user would see:

  "Home / Products / Widgets / Green Widgets"

=== About the Author

Paul Coulter's company, Cost Effective Web Design
( http://www.cost-effective-design.com/ )provides low cost,
custom web design services for small businesses in the Windsor
Ontario area. View the  services that Paul's company has to offer
at his web site.

========= From the Cauldron Cookbook:
========= Chicken Enchilada Casserole
========= submitted by TexasRed


1 Tbs oil
2 large cooked chicken breast halves-diced
1 onion-diced
1 small can chopped green chiles
1 teaspoon minced garlic
1 5-6oz can ripe olives-sliced
1 10oz can green enchilada sauce
2 cans Campbell Creamy Chicken Verde soup
1 cup sour cream
12 corn tortillas
12 oz grated Cheddar-Jack mix cheese
1/2 bunch of cilantro


Cook onion and garlic in oil until softened, add olives, chiles,
chicken and enchilada sauce, stir until hot.

Mix soup with sour cream. Put 1/3 in bottom of 9X13 pan, arrange
half the tortilla s over, add all of chicken mixture and half the
cheese. Top with remaining tortillas and the rest of the soup

Cover and cook at 350 for 1 hour. Top with rest of cheese and
chopped cilantro..

Serve with refried beans and a salad.

=== About This Recipe

This recipe is taken from the Cauldron Cookbook, a growing
collection of recipes submitted by members of The Cauldron: A
Pagan Forum. You'll find more recipes at:


========= Cauldron Info

The Cauldron: A Pagan Forum was founded in December 1997 to
provide a friendly but serious discussion area for Pagans on the
Internet. We've grown a bit over the years. We now have an active
message area, a large web site with around 700 pages of
information (including over 300 book and divination deck
reviews), and a monthly email newsletter. To continue to provide
and expand these services, The Cauldron needs lots of volunteer
help from our members and supporters.

Here are some of the things members and supporters can do to help
The Cauldron: A Pagan Forum thrive:

===== Actively Participate In Our Message Board

While our new message board welcomes readers, we encourage
members to actively participate by posting their comments and
views in our discussions. One of the easiest ways to help The
Cauldron is to actively participate in our message board. The
staff especially appreciates members who start new topics for
discussion based on their own questions, opinions, or interests.


===== Articles! Essays! Tutorials!

We are in constant need of original, well-written and accurate
articles, essays, tutorials, and other written items for both our
web site and for our Cauldron and Candle newsletter. There's no
real limit on length for web site articles. Here are a few areas
in which we always need articles:

* information on the beliefs and theology of the various Pagan
  religions, especially non-Wiccan religions

* information on holidays and festivals of the various Pagan
  religions, especially non-Wiccan religions

* recipes for oils, incenses, and food for the various Pagan

* magick, spells, and ritual information

* herbal information

* positive articles on dealing with other faiths

* information on historical pagan cultures

* editorial/opinion pieces

Non-Wiccan material is stressed not because we don't want Wiccan
material but because good non-Wiccan material has been hard to
find. We have a web form you can use to submit an article for
consideration: http://www.ecauldron.com/bnbarticleform.php

===== Book Reviews

While The Cauldron receives some review copies from a couple of
Pagan publishers, there are many books that can only be reviewed
on our web site if a member has a copy and writes a good,
objective review. The Cauldron is interested in reviews on the
more academic books used by reconstructionist Pagan religions as
well as on the books one finds on the Pagan/New Age shelf in the
bookstore. We have a web form you can use to submit a book review
for consideration: http://www.ecauldron.com/bnbbkreviewform.php

===== Graphic Assistance

The Cauldron: A Pagan Forum is purposely a low graphics site as
we value page download speed over flashy graphics. However, we
are always willing to talk with artists who have ideas for
well-designed small graphics (small in both physical dimensions
and file size) that might enhance a specific article or page.

===== Invite Your Friends

If you have friends or acquaintances who you believe would find
The Cauldron: A Pagan Forum useful, please tell them about our
site. If you are active in our message board and have friends who
might enjoy them or have information to contribute, please invite

===== Link To The Cauldron

If you have a web site where linking to The Cauldron: A Pagan
Forum would be appropriate, simply providing a link to this web
site is a big help. Our Link to this Site page explains how you
can do this if you need help or want some simple graphic buttons
to use: http://www.ecauldron.com/linktous.php

===== Donations

As The Cauldron: A Pagan Forum uses as many free services as
possible, our need for money to operate our site is currently
lower than our need for the many items we list above. However, if
you have a few dollars to spare, we would be honored to have your
help in paying for our web site. You can donate by using either
PayPal or the Amazon Honor System links below (we get about 85%
of what you donate).

Donate via PayPal
Donate via Amazon.com

===== Amazon Purchases

The Cauldron: A Pagan Forum also receives a small percentage
(usually 5%) from most items purchased from Amazon.com when you
go to Amazon.com from one of the links to Amazon on our web site.
If you purchase a lot of books, CDs, and other items from
Amazon.com as many members do, going to Amazon.com through one of
our links when you are going to make a purchase there is a
painless way to help fund this web site.


If you are a regular user of the US version of Amazon, you can
help The Cauldron by replacing the URL of your ebay bookmark in
your browser with the above link so that TC gets credit every
time you visit Amazon.com.

To do this in Internet Explorer or Firefox, find Amazon in your
bookmark list. RIGHT click on it and select Properties from the
popup menu which will appear. A dialog box describing your
bookmark will appear. You'll see the standard Amazon url --
probably http://www.amazon.com/ -- in an edit box (labeled
"Location" in FireFox and "URL" in IE). Erase that url completely
and replace with one listed above, then click on OK.

If you use Amazon UK, you can use this address


If you use Amazon Canada, you can use this addess:


===== Ebay Purchases

Are you an Ebay user?  Ebay has a new program that pays
affiliates a small percent of the winning bid if the winning
bidder enters ebay from an affiliate link (some like how our
Amazon.com affiliate program works). So if you visit the US
version ebay via the following link, the Cauldron will get credit
for your bids:


If you are a regular user of the US version of ebay, you can help
The Cauldron by replacing the URL of your ebay bookmark in your
browser with the above link so that TC gets credit every time you
visit ebay.

To do this in Internet Explorer or Firefox, find ebay in your
bookmark list. RIGHT click on it and select Properties from the
popup menu which will appear. A dialog box describing your
bookmark will appear. You'll see the standard ebay url --
probably http://www.ebay.com/ -- in an edit box (labeled
"Location" in FireFox and "URL" in IE). Erase that url completely
and replace with one listed above, then click on OK.

===== Have Questions or Suggestions?

If you have specific questions, proposals or other ideas we
haven't mentioned here, please email them to
rssapphire00@ecauldron.GETRIDOFEME.com. (Unfortunately, Randall
has to answer general "Tell me more?" type questions with a
request for a more specific question. He's not trying to be rude,
he just can't think of anything general and useful to say that
isn't said here.)

========= (Including how to subscribe and unsubscribe)

Cauldron and Candle is a free publication of The Cauldron: A
Pagan Forum. The Cauldron intends to publish this newsletter once
a month and often actually succeeds in doing so. We tried to
publish it twice a month for a while, but real life interfered
too often.

This issue of Cauldron and Candle as a whole is copyright (c)
2005 by The Cauldron: A Pagan Forum. Copyrights on individual
items in this newsletter are retained by their author, please
contact the editors if you need to contact an author for
permission to reprint an article and the editors will do their
best to put you in touch with him or her. The opinions expressed
herein are those of the individual authors and do not necessarily
reflect the views of newsletter, The Cauldron: A Pagan Forum, or
its staff. Publication of an article in this newsletter is not an
endorsement of the authors position or any products and companies
mentioned therein. No one involved in producing this newsletter
has any money to speak of so suing us if you don't like something
we do is a waste of time and money.


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If you have Pagan friends who you believe would be interested in
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You are also welcome to forward a copies of this newsletter to
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Don't forget that your suggestions for this newsletter are always
welcome, either posted on the message board or via email to
LyricFox (lyricfox@ecauldron.GETRIDOFME.com) or Randall Sapphire
(rssapphire00@ecauldron.GETRIDOFME.com). Typos are, as usual,
courtesy of the Goddess Eris.

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