In Ancient Egypt, temple construction was more than just putting materials together to
make a building. Every part of the temple structure symbolized Zep Tepi or the First Time.
The First Time is the time of creation when the Gods sprung out of the primordial waters of
The temple foundation was placed on a convex and concave mound that was to symbolize Nun.
The pylons were to symbolize the first papyri and the halls were to symbolize the Nile.
Pylons at Heru's Temple at Edfu say: "Aset and Nebet Het who raise up the sun god who shines on the
The walls were marsh plants of the murky waters and the ceiling--painted blue or decorated
with birds -- symbolized the sky.
The Inner Sanctum of the temple held the main God or Goddess of that temple. Other Gods
honored in the temple had their own sanctuary and hallway to left and right of the main
deity. The Inner Sanctum was dark to symbolize the darkness of Creation. The statue was
in a wooden box with two doors representing the horizon (Heaven). The main Priest or
Priestess would open the Naos at sunrise to perform the Daily Rite -- libations and
offerings, new attire and incense -- were offered to the statue. The awakening of the
statue was thought to represent the sunrise. This statue was thought to hold the essence
or Ka of the Goddess or God once the "Opening of the Mouth" ceremony was performed.
This ceremony made the plain statue made by humans a vessel for divinity to reside.